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Headword: *daitro/s
Adler number: delta,132
Translated headword: apportioner, carver, distributor
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning someone] distributing miniscule portions to those feasting. For thus they used to feast apportioning both the sheep and the drink. Hence [Homer] says: "of an equal banquet."[1] [Meaning] of equally distributed food. Or 'apportioner', [meaning simply] the one dividing up and apportioning the meat.
Timaeus[2] "says that poets and prose writers betray their own natures by their excessive repetitions. He says that by [depicting] carving so often in his poetry the poet [Homer] showed himself to be a glutton; and that Aristotle, by [depicting] seasoning, [revealed himself] to be an epicure and voracious;[3] and that Dionysius the tyrant[4] was an arranger of dining couches[5] and was constantly busy with the eccentricities of fabrics and their varieties. Our opinion [of Timaeus] is bound to follow from this, and to be displeased [with him] on the basis of his own predilections."
Greek Original:
*daitro/s: prosdiairw=n e)la/xista toi=s e(stiwme/nois. ou(/tws ga\r ei(stiw=nto merizo/menoi ta/ te pro/bata kai\ to\n po/ton. paro\ kai\ le/gei: daito\s e)i/+shs. i)somoi/rou trofh=s. h)\ *daitro/s, o( diairw=n kai\ diane/mwn ta\ kre/a. o(/ti *ti/maio/s fhsi, tou\s poihta\s kai\ tou\s suggrafei=s dia\ tw=n u(pera/nw pleonasmw=n e)mfai/nein ta\s e(autw=n fu/seis, le/gwn e)k tou= daitreu/ein to\n poihth\n pollaxou= th=s poih/sews gastri/margon paremfai/nein, to\n de\ *)aristote/lhn o)yartu/onta, o)yofa/gon ei)=nai kai\ li/xnon, to\n de\ *dionu/sion to\n tu/rannon klinokosmou=nta kai\ ta\s tw=n u(fasma/twn i)dio/thtas kai\ poikili/as e)cergazo/menon sunexw=s. a)na/gkh th\n a)ko/louqon poiei=sqai dia/lhyin, kai\ dusarestei=sqai kata\ th\n proai/resin.
Notes:
[1] Homer, Iliad 1.468 and 9.225, quoted in the Suda perhaps not directly but by way of scholia. See already delta 128.
[2] From here on, the entry quotes (perhaps, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) the Hellenistic historian Polybius' quotation of the harshly judgmental Sicilian historian Timaeus, and follows with Polybius' own harsh judgment of Timaeus (12.24.1-4). Timaeus' extensive writing survive only in quotations such as these. See generally tau 600, tau 602. For the relation between Polybius (200-120 BCE) and Timaeus (350-260 BCE) see OCD(4) 1481-2.
[3] Timaeus perhaps had in mind Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics 1118a32 (the epicure who prayed for a longer throat). Compare in any event Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 8.342C (8.28 Kaibel). For another of Timaeus' harsh slams at Aristotle and for some bibliography, see alpha 3930.
[4] Ruled Syracuse 405-367 BCE, keeping the Carthaginians at bay and becoming the stuff of story. See OCD(4) 459-60, and delta 1178.
[5] cf. kappa 1810.
Reference:
Polybius, The Histories, ed. and tr. W. R. Paton, 6. vols., London: Heinemann, 1922-27
Keywords: biography; definition; epic; ethics; food; historiography; poetry
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 15 December 2001@21:10:52.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified and supplemented translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 16 December 2001@06:53:06.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; cosmetics) on 27 October 2005@05:53:45.
David Whitehead (more x-refs; another keyword; cosmetics) on 17 June 2012@08:11:43.
David Whitehead (updated some refs) on 3 August 2014@04:24:43.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 15 January 2015@00:33:03.
David Whitehead on 7 October 2015@07:42:33.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 14 July 2016@19:09:52.

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