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Headword: *balaneiomfa/lous
Adler number: beta,64
Translated headword: acorn-bossed
Vetting Status: high
The comic writers call cups [this].[1]
A bath-house [balaneion] was [so-]called because when eating acorns [balanoi] they used to burn the shells.[2] They say that the people reduce the air in the bath, drawing it into themselves.
Also [sc. attested is] balaneitês ["bath-man"], [meaning] he who by most people is called attendant.[3]
"The bath-house is a road to softness."[4]
In the beginning, when there were no bath-houses, the ancients would wash in the tubs and troughs.[5]
Greek Original:
*balaneiomfa/lous: ta\s fia/las oi( kwmikoi\ kalou=si. *balanei=on de\ e)klh/qh, dio/ti ta\s bala/nous e)sqi/ontes ta\ kelu/fh e)/kaion. le/gousi de\ o(/ti oi( polloi\ e)lattou=si to\n a)e/ra tw=| loutrw=|, ei)s e(autou\s au)to\n e(/lkontes. kai\ *balanei/ths, o( para\ toi=s polloi=s kalou/menos perixu/ths. e)/sti de\ to\ balanei=on o(do\s e)pi\ trufh/n. o(/ti to\ katarxa\s, mh\ o)/ntwn balanei/wn, e)n tai=s ska/fais kai\ pue/lois oi( a)rxai=oi e)lou/onto.
[1] Cratinus fr. 50 Kock, now 54 K.-A.; cf. generally Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 11.501D-F (11.104 Kaibel).
[2] Burn the shells to heat the baths? cf. kappa 1308.
[3] Outside lexicography this noun is attested only in Polybius 30.29.4.
[4] Artemidorus 1.64; cf. the scholia to Aristophanes, Clouds 838.
[5] From alpha 4123.
Keywords: chronology; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; historiography; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 27 March 2003@02:37:01.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword and translation; added keywords; cosmetics) on 27 March 2003@05:31:57.
Catharine Roth (modified translation slightly) on 28 March 2003@00:28:53.
David Whitehead (more notes and keywords; tweaking) on 20 May 2012@09:03:36.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 21 May 2012@00:30:44.
David Whitehead on 3 January 2015@08:53:10.
David Whitehead (expanded a ref) on 14 January 2015@09:08:47.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 29 July 2019@01:00:06.


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