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Headword: *boso/r
Adler number: beta,400
Translated headword: Bosor
Vetting Status: high
An outer-garment dyed from scarlet in the Hebrew language.
Greek Original:
*boso/r: to\ i(ma/tion to\ a)po\ ko/kkou bebamme/non kata\ *(ebrai/+da dia/lekton.
The headword Bosor, which appears in that form throughout the Septuagint (beginning with Deuteronomy 4.43) and also in e.g. the New Testament (2 Peter 2.15) and Josephus (Antiquities of the Jews 12.340), should more accurately be "Botsor", a variant of "Botsrah", the town בצרה of the Edomites that was destroyed with great bloodshed, leading to the image of God as a warrior dripping blood after having "trodden the winepress of Botsrah".
Cyril of Jerusalem (Lecture 13, paragraph 27, at web address 1) apparently did not understand the reference and decided that "botsor" must mean a red garment:
"Again, when He had been judged before Pilate, He was clothed in red; for there they put on Him a purple robe. Is this also written? Esaias saith, 'Who is this that cometh from Edom? the redness of His garments is from Bosor' (מבצרה; Isaiah lxiii. 1, 2.); who is this who in dishonor weareth purple? For Bosor has some such meaning in Hebrew. 'Why are Thy garments red, and Thy raiment as from a trodden wine-press?' But He answers and says, All day long have I stretched forth Mine hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people."
For "scarlet" see LSJ s.v. ko/kkos, II (literally the berry or gall of the Quercus coccifera, used to dye this color; see e.g. Pausanias 10.36.1-2).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: botany; Christianity; clothing; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; military affairs; religion; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 18 December 2000@13:54:17.
Vetted by:
Ross Scaife ✝ (added note following conversation with Raphael Finkel) on 18 May 2001@09:32:22.
Ross Scaife ✝ (modified arrangement of note for greater clarity) on 18 May 2001@18:55:18.
Raphael Finkel (Added Hebrew) on 31 October 2002@11:32:52.
David Whitehead (added note on scarlet; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 29 July 2003@09:36:23.
Catharine Roth (added clarification to note, at the suggestion of Jane E. Phillips) on 9 November 2004@12:09:32.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 1 June 2012@04:35:15.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 3 July 2012@22:26:41.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 22 September 2015@03:01:58.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 February 2016@02:17:57.


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