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Headword: *baba/kths
Adler number: beta,4
Translated headword: reveller
Vetting Status: high
A raging person.
Greek Original:
*baba/kths: o( o)rgisth/s.
The headword seems to be related to a series of words relating to orgiastic behavior and associated with the gods Dionysos and Pan ( LSJ entry at web address 1). Compare Hesychius beta6, 9, 10 epsilon1287 (cf. Latte 1.501-2); Lexica Segueriana 223.31 Bekker; Photius, Lexicon beta5, 6, 8; Etymologicum Magnum 183.45. Its only appearance outside lexicography is in the Doric vocative form baba/kta in a fragment of Cratinus (321 Kock, 22 Meineke, 359 Kassel/Austin), where it is an epithet of Pan. At Hesychius beta10 a possibly related word is identified as Lydian.
The gloss here is a word sparsely attested (two occurrences in an astrological work in a codex in Moscow: Catalogus Codicum Astrologorum Graecorum 12.178.17, 189.27), and in this case it seems likely to be a corruption of o)rxhsth/s ('dancer') which appears in parallel entries (Hesychius beta6; Lexica Segueriana 223.31 Bekker; Photius, Lexicon beta8), and which would have been nearly homophonous to o)rgisth/s in late/Byzantine Greek. [Or perhaps o)rgiasth/s (DW)?] On the other hand, the meaning 'raging person' would not be foreign to the orgiastic context: maniw/dhs ('maniacal') is also used as a gloss in the lexica cited above). Adler notes Suda mss GIT and a corrector to ms V offer o)rxhsth/s and related words as variant readings.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; mythology; religion
Translated by: Anne Mahoney on 6 September 1998@18:44:35.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added link) on 6 December 2001@18:17:11.
David Whitehead (modified note; cosmetics) on 7 December 2001@02:48:40.
William Hutton (tweaked translation, augmented note and keywords, set status) on 30 August 2007@06:50:46.
David Whitehead (cosmetic) on 30 August 2007@07:18:32.
William Hutton (modified notes) on 27 July 2009@16:14:55.
David Whitehead (addition to note; cosmetics) on 18 May 2012@03:47:48.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 21 January 2015@23:56:34.


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