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Headword: *)akraifne/s
Adler number: alpha,971
Translated headword: inviolate
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning something] pure, lofty, perfect.[1]
"On laying down his command, Fabius advised Aemilius' staff to wear down the inviolate and ungovernable quality of Hannibal's nature by delays of the war."[2]
Greek Original:
*)akraifne/s: kaqaro\n, u(yhlo\n, te/leion. *fa/bios de\ katatiqe/menos th\n a)rxh\n parh/|nei toi=s peri\ to\n *ai)mi/lion tribai=s tou= pole/- mou makrai=s to\ a)kraifne\s kai\ a)ka/qekton th=s tou= *)anni/bou katanali/skein fu/sews.
cf. alpha 972, alpha 973, alpha 974.
[1] Likewise the first half of Photius, Lexicon alpha833 Theodoridis, and elsewhere. The headword is neuter singular of this adjective (LSJ entry at web address 1), perhaps extracted from the quotation given here but more probably not, since the other lexica do not have it. There are numerous alternatives, from Euripides and Aristophanes onwards.
[2] Attributed by Mai to Cassius Dio; in any event, close in content to Eutropius, Breviarium 3.10.1. The Fabius in question is Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus "Cunctator," the "Delayer," of the Second Punic War, dictator 217 BCE; OCD(4) p.564.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 22 June 2000@22:10:24.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 4 June 2002@11:54:09.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 27 March 2006@05:00:08.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 30 January 2012@07:24:05.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 29 April 2012@00:07:19.
David Whitehead (another note; tweaking) on 19 August 2013@08:41:56.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@04:00:43.


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