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Headword: *)/aqurma
Adler number: alpha,767
Translated headword: plaything
Vetting Status: high
A children's toy.[1]
Josephus [writes]: "who was a plaything of the king and was exhibited to be teased and laughed at during the drinking sessions".[2]
And elsewhere: "it is not the part of men to linger with playthings of children".[3]
Also in the Epigrams: "they stripped it and hung it up by the road as a plaything for Pan".[4] Meaning as a delight.
Cratinus in Odysseuses: "a novel plaything had been introduced".[5]
Greek Original:
*)/aqurma: pai/gnion. *)iw/shpos. o(\s h)=n tou= basile/ws a)/qurma kai\ pro\s ta\ skw/mmata kai\ tou\s e)n toi=s po/tois ge/lwtas e)pedei/knuto. kai\ au)=qis: ou)k e)/stin a)ndrw=n a)qu/rmasin e)mfiloxwrei=n paidi/wn. kai\ e)n *)epigra/mmasi: *pani\ de/ min ce/ssantes o(dw=| e)/pi kalo\n a)/qurma ka/t- qesan. a)nti\ tou= a)/galma. *krati=nos *)odusseu=si: neoxmo\n parh=xqai a)/qurma.
The headword is a neuter noun related to alpha 768 and alpha 769.
[1] Same glossing in Photius (Lexicon alpha492 and alpha493 Theodoridis) and elsewhere.
[2] Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 12.212 (web address 1 below) on Tryphon.
[3] Quotation unidentifiable; a proverb?
[4] Greek Anthology 6.37.3 (on an oak bough).
[5] Cratinus fr.145 Kock, now 152 K.-A.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; botany; children; comedy; daily life; definition; food; historiography; history; imagery; poetry; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 6 November 2000@00:13:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note; cosmetics) on 6 November 2000@05:22:34.
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 23 May 2002@05:35:08.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 16 November 2005@07:55:17.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 13 December 2005@05:29:08.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 22 January 2012@06:26:34.
Catharine Roth (fixed link) on 25 January 2012@01:24:29.
David Whitehead on 19 August 2013@07:16:17.
David Whitehead on 23 December 2014@04:21:46.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 3 May 2015@23:20:46.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 3 October 2018@22:22:17.


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