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Headword: *au)rhliano/s
Adler number: alpha,4458
Translated headword: Aurelian, Aurelianus, Aurelianos
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Emperor of the Romans, a man who had awesome skill in the arts of war, but being undisciplined in his thinking and inclining markedly toward savagery, he submitted many of the notables in the city to the death penalty for being disgraced by Zenobia.[1] He was by nature stubborn and murderous, and more a forcible general than an elected emperor, and, being harsh and unapproachable in every situation, he did not remain clean even of the blood of his own family: for he did away with the wife of his son without due process. But of the discipline of the soldiers and their vanishing and corrupt morals he was overall a genuine restorer.
See the oracle about him under "If he should suffer".[2]
Greek Original:
*au)rhliano/s, basileu\s *(rwmai/wn, ta\ pole/mia deinw=s h)skhme/nos, a)ka/qektos de\ peri\ th\n gnw/mhn kai\ polu\ pro\s w)mo/thta r(e/pwn tw=n te kata\ po/lin e)pish/mwn qana/tw| pollou\s e)zhmi/wsen u(po\ *zhnobi/as e)legxqe/ntas, xalepo/s tis kai\ foniko\s u(pa/rxwn kai\ ma=llon a)nagkai=os strathgo\s h)/per ai(reto\s basileu\s, e)n panti\ de\ kairw=| dusxerh\s kai\ a)pro/sitos, w(s mhde\ tw=n oi)kei/wn ai(/matos diamei=nai kaqaro/s: th\n ga\r tou= paido\s gameth\n kai\ a)ne/gklhton diexrh/sato. tou= de\ tw=n stratiwtw=n ta/gmatos kai\ tw=n e)cith/lwn kai\ dialelume/nwn h)qw=n w(s e)pi/pan gennai=os h)=n e)panorqwth/s. zh/tei peri\ au)tou= xrhsmo\n e)n tw=| ai)/ ke pa/qoi.
Notes:
Lucius Domitius Aurelianus, emperor 270-275; De Imperatoribus Romanis entry by Christian K├Ârner at web address 1. The Suda's material here is John of Antioch fr. 155 FHG (4.599), now 235 Roberto; cf. Eutropius, Breviarium 9.13. See also alphaiota 291.
[1] cf. epsilon 281, lambda 645.
[2] alphaiota 165 (ai)/ ke pa/qoi).
Reference:
OCD(4) pp.209-10, s.v. Aurelian
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; law; military affairs; poetry; proverbs; religion; women
Translated by: William Hutton on 2 April 2002@08:54:48.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added note and link) on 3 April 2002@18:38:07.
Catharine Roth (added bibliography) on 4 April 2002@14:12:41.
David Whitehead (added note; cosmetics; raised status) on 10 April 2002@08:24:40.
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 28 August 2002@03:34:39.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 2 April 2003@18:59:45.
David Whitehead (modified translation) on 3 April 2003@04:59:45.
David Whitehead (typo) on 10 November 2005@08:50:02.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 30 April 2008@07:43:32.
David Whitehead (tweaked a reference; added a keyword) on 1 May 2012@10:14:16.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 27 May 2012@00:13:12.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 July 2014@04:44:05.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 28 November 2014@01:29:52.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 29 January 2015@04:16:16.

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