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Headword: *)/ath
Adler number: alpha,4350
Translated headword: destruction, Destruction
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] harm.[1] Homer [writes]: "immediately he seized Destruction by her shining-tressed head."[2] "[She] who walks upon the heads of men."[3]
But a)/th [sc. can also mean] the devil, the adversary.[4]
Sophocles [writes]: "but I cry with good intentions, like a true mother, do not beget destruction upon destructions."[5] And Sophocles elsewhere [writes]: "I know no one, but I pity that wretch all the same, even though he is ill-intentioned, since he is yoked to horrible destruction."[6]
Greek Original:
*)/ath: h( bla/bh. *(/omhros: au)ti/ka d' ei(=l' *)/athn kefalh=s liparoploka/moio. a)po\ th=s e(autou= kefalh=s ei(=le th\n *)/athn: h(\ kat' a)ndrw=n kra/ata bai/nei. *)/ath de\ o( dia/bolos, o( a)ntikei/menos. *sofoklh=s: a)ll' ou)=n eu)noi/a| g' au)dw=, mh/thr w(s h(/tis pikth\, mh\ ti/ktein a)/thn a)/tais. kai\ au)=qis *sofoklh=s: e)gw\ me\n ou)de/n' oi)=d', e)poiktei/rw de/ nin du/sthnon e)/mphs, kai/per o)/nta dusmenh=, o(qou/nek' a)/th| sugkate/zeuktai kakh=|.
[1] Likewise in Hesychius; cf. the scholia to Homer, Iliad 2.111, where a form of the headword occurs (web address 1 below).
[2] Homer, Iliad 19.126 (web address 2).
[3] Homer, Iliad 19.93 (web address 3).
[4] A Christian gloss here obtrudes.
[5] An approximation of Sophocles, Electra 233-235 (web address 4); line 234, here the corrupt mh/thr w(s h(/tis pikth/, should be ma/thr w(sei/ tis pista/.
[6] Sophocles, Ajax 121-3 (web address 5); cf. epsilon 1016.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4,
Web address 5
Keywords: Christianity; definition; epic; ethics; imagery; mythology; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 24 March 2002@09:38:04.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 11 April 2002@07:42:25.
David Whitehead on 11 April 2002@07:44:11.
David Whitehead (another note and keyword; betacode and other cosmetics) on 28 April 2012@07:40:06.
David Whitehead on 3 September 2015@03:01:04.
Catharine Roth (tweaked links) on 12 December 2015@19:47:26.
David Whitehead (expanded n.5, at the prompting of Dr Nick Nicholas) on 19 December 2015@08:12:38.


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