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Headword: *)assu/rioi
Adler number: alpha,4290
Translated headword: Assyrians
Vetting Status: high
These men were called after a certain giant named Syrus, from whom the country took its name. And from the Assyrians the Syrians too were named. Alternatively from Asshur, the son of Shem, the son of Noah: this Asshur was the first to found a great city, the one which changed its name to Nineveh.[1] But others say the Persians were Assyrians.
Assyrians: the people [of that name]. While everything was calm, nothing stood in the way of them becoming the greatest. But subsequently many continuous wars occurred, and myriad insurrections of others against others, and wars were fought amongst themselves. These things [occured] in the time of Caesar.[2]
Greek Original:
*)assu/rioi: ou(=toi e)klh/qhsan a)po/ tinos gi/gantos o)no/mati *su/rou, e)c ou(=per e)/labe th\n e)pwnumi/an h( xw/ra. a)po\ de\ *)assuri/wn kai\ *su/roi proshgoreu/qhsan. h)\ a)po\ *)assou\r, tou= ui(ou= *sh\m, tou= ui(ou= *nw=e: o(/stis *)assou\r e)/ktise prw=tos po/lin mega/lhn th\n metonomasqei=san *nineui/. oi( de\ *)assuri/ous fasi\ tou\s *pe/rsas. *)assu/rioi: to\ e)/qnos. a)tremou/ntwn pa/ntwn ou)de\n e)mpodw\n h)=n au)chqh=nai au)tou\s e)pi\ plei=ston. meta\ de\ tau=ta polloi\ kai\ sunexei=s po/lemoi geno/menoi e)panasta/seis te e(te/rwn e)f' e(te/rous muri/ai kai\ po/lemoi pro\s a)llh/lous sunerra/ghsan. tau=ta e)pi\ *kai/saros.
See already alpha 4289 (and alpha 4288), and generally OCD(4) p.187, s.v. Assyria. As regards the present entry, the source of neither of its components is identifiable.
[1] See generally nu 415, nu 417.
[2] It is fruitless to speculate which "Caesar" is meant.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; chronology; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; history; military affairs; mythology; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 12 September 2000@17:46:18.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 26 August 2002@08:51:15.
David Whitehead (augmented primary note; more keywords; tweaking) on 26 April 2012@06:49:02.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 July 2014@04:27:08.


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