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Headword: *)asta/rth
Adler number: alpha,4222
Translated headword: Astarte, Ashteroth
Vetting Status: high
Goddess of [the] Sidonians, and Chamos,[1] god of [the] Ammonites, whom Solomon served. He married wives from the gentiles, who, together with the Israelite wives, were seven hundred, as well as three hundred concubines. From all of these was born his son Rehoboam, from foreigners, [sc. and he was] unworthy of the throne. Polygamy, you see, does not result in fertility.
Greek Original:
*)asta/rth, qeo\s *sidwni/wn, kai\ *xamw\s, qeo\s *)ammanitw=n, oi(=s e)la/treuse *solomw/n: o(\s h)ga/geto gunai=kas e)c e)qnw=n, ai(\ h)=san su\n tai=s *)israhli/tisin e(ptako/siai kai\ pallakai\ triako/siai. e)k tou/twn pasw=n e)ge/neto au)tw=| ui(o\s *(roboa\m, e)c a)llofu/lwn, a)na/cios th=s a)rxh=s. ou) ga\r h( polugami/a th\n eu)tekni/an poiei=.
See already alpha 4221, and again sigma 772, chi 78.
Modern English translations use the Hebrew Ashtoreth (אשתרת ʾašttoret), but the lexicographer follows the Septuagint. The term is derived from Sumerian Ishtar.
[1] Modern English translations use the Hebrew Chemosh (כמוש ḵemōš) and all versions attribute the deity to the Moabites. The Suda gets its misinformation not directly from the Septuagint but from George the Monk, Chronicon 1.206.
C. de Boor, "Die Chronik des Georgius Monachus als Quelle des Suidas," Hermes vol 21(1886), pp. 1-26, specifically p. 23
1 Kings (3 Kingdoms) 11:1-8
Keywords: biography; definition; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; history; medicine; mythology; religion; women
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 12 May 2001@22:14:37.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 26 December 2001@00:16:27.
Catharine Roth (moved cross-reference to note field) on 26 December 2001@00:20:07.
Catharine Roth (adjusted link, added alternative headword translation) on 26 December 2001@22:31:10.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 26 August 2002@06:58:37.
Raphael Finkel (Added Hebrew, Ishtar.) on 18 December 2002@11:18:34.
Raphael Finkel (Fixed misspelling.) on 18 December 2002@11:40:45.
Catharine Roth (added italics, removed link) on 11 March 2011@01:18:07.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks) on 25 April 2012@07:38:43.
Raphael Finkel (Added Romanization of Hebrew.) on 7 August 2014@14:50:09.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 7 November 2014@18:13:55.
David Whitehead on 2 September 2015@02:55:21.


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