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Headword: *)arxai=on
Adler number: alpha,4072
Translated headword: principal, ancient
Vetting Status: high
The orators used [the word] "principal" of borrowed money, the money which some call "capital", kephalaion, according to a certain custom of usage.[1] Demosthenes in the [speech] Against Nikostratos [writes]: "he lent money to Archippos [but the latter] was not able to repay it, either the interest or the principal".[2] It is also used for "old". Aeschines in the [speech] Against Timarchos [writes]: "but Solon, who of the law-givers was especially well-reputed, wrote in ancient style."[3] And once more: "so sensible were those ancient orators, Pericles, Themistocles and Aristides."[3] But [archaion] is used in comic poets for "simple".[4]
Greek Original:
*)arxai=on: e)xrh/santo oi( r(h/tores tw=| a)rxai/w| e)pi\ tou= daneizome/nou to\ a)rgu/rion, o(/per e)/nioi kata/ tina sunh/qeian kefa/laion o)noma/zousi. *dhmosqe/nhs e)n tw=| kata\ *nikostra/tou: danei/sas a)rgu/rion *)/arxippon ou)x oi(=o/s te h)=n au)to\ a)polabei=n, ou)/te to/kon ou)/te to\ a)rxai=on. parei/lhptai de\ kai\ e)pi\ tou= palaiou=. *ai)sxi/nhs e)n tw=| kata\ *tima/rxou: o( de\ *so/lwn, o( tw=n nomoqetw=n ma/lista eu)dokimw=n, ge/grafen a)rxai/ws. kai\ pa/lin: ou(/tws h)=san sw/frones oi( a)rxai=oi e)kei=noi r(h/tores, o( *periklh=s, *qemistoklh=s kai\ *)aristei/dhs. ta/ttetai de\ para\ kwmikoi=s kai\ e)pi\ tou= eu)h/qous.
[1] See already alpha 4069.
[2] Demosthenes 53.20 (here loosely quoted, e.g. the borrower's name is Archepolis: web address 1 below).
[3] Aeschines 1.183 (web address 2 below).
[4] cf. alpha 4075, pi 54.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; economics; ethics; law; rhetoric
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 11 April 2001@12:21:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes and keyword) on 22 April 2001@08:09:49.
Catharine Roth (updated links, added keyword) on 10 November 2011@01:19:22.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 10 November 2011@03:13:44.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 24 January 2014@08:59:15.


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