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Headword: *)arifra/dhs
Adler number: alpha,3940
Translated headword: Ariphrades
Vetting Status: high
This man was reviled for always associating with women. He was a cithara-player.[1] Aristophanes [writes]: "Now Ariphrades is a rascal. But he even wants it [that way]; he is not just a rascal -- for [otherwise] I would not even have heard of him -- or an utter knave, but he even invented something [new in the way of vice]. For [he dirties] his own tongue with shameless pleasures."[2] That is, the member and the seed of a man. Ariphrades, Polymnestos and Oionichos [were] doers of unspeakable things. And Polymnesteian [poems], too, were mocked for shamefulness.[3] "If someone does not really guard himself against such a man, he will never drink out of the same cup with us."[4] And again: "Ariphrades, stop acting foolish."[5]
Greek Original:
*)arifra/dhs: ou(=tos loidorei=tai a)ei\ gunaici\ sunw/n. kiqarw|do\s de\ h)=n. *)aristofa/nhs: *)arifra/dhs e)sti\ me\n ponhro/s. a)lla\ tou=to me\n kai\ bou/letai: e)/sti d' ou) mo/non ponhro/s, ou) ga\r ou)d' a)\n h)|sqo/mhn, ou)de\ pampo/nhros, a)lla\ kai\ proseceu/rhke/ ti. th\n ga\r au)tou= glw=ttan ai)sxrai=s h)=|don. toute/sti to\ ai)doi=on tou= a)nqrw/pou kai\ to\ spe/rma. *)arifra/dhs de\, *polu/mnhstos kai\ *oi)w/nixos a)rrhtopoioi/. kai\ *polumnh/steia kai\ au)th\ kwmw|dei=tai e)p' ai)sxro/thti. ei)/ tis ou)=n toiou=ton a)/ndra mh\ sfo/dra fula/ttetai, mh/ pot' e)k tou= au)tou= meq' h(mw=n pi/etai pothri/ou. kai\ au)=qis: *)ari/frades, pau=sai lhrw=n.
cf. pi 1988.
[1] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae 129: see below.
[2] Aristophanes, Knights 1281-4 (web address 1 below). Comment from the scholia there now follows. What Ariphrades allegedly (here and elsewhere) invented was cunnilingus: see J. Henderson, The Maculate Muse (New Haven 1975) 185, #389.
[3] The chorus in Knights has gone on to mention these. Polymnestos of Kolophon was a musician and poet of the C7 BCE.
[4] A mis-remembered version of Aristophanes, Knights 1288-89: the verb in the first clause should be 'abominate' (web address 1).
[5] Aristophanes, Ecclesiazusae 129 (web address 2. (R.G. Ussher ad loc. is unconvinced that this is the same man, thirty years after the earlier allusions.)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; comedy; ethics; food; gender and sexuality; meter and music; poetry; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 31 July 2001@01:56:55.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 31 July 2001@06:37:46.
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 25 August 2002@04:54:55.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added italics) on 14 October 2005@17:41:55.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 10 November 2005@09:26:50.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 2 January 2006@11:27:03.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 12 April 2012@06:19:28.
David Whitehead on 9 January 2013@07:27:22.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 1 November 2015@01:12:58.


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