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Headword: *)/arhs
Adler number: alpha,3852
Translated headword: Ares
Vetting Status: high
Properly [it means] iron.
"Having plunged Ares inside [your] hollow flanks."[1]
It also means war. [The term comes] from the [verb] r(w= [meaning] "I speak,"[2] future r(h/sw, [whence] r(h=s, and with the alpha privative [it is] Ares. For in war there is no need of words, but of actions. And Homer [writes]: "for the outcome of war [lies] in hands, [that] of words in counsel."[3] The alpha [is] both long and short. Homer [writes]: "Ares, Ares, bane of men."[4] It is declined *)/arhs *)/arou and *)/arhs *)/arhtos, and *)/arhs *)/areos.
For [the word] is *)/arhs and confuses the declension.
Greek Original:
*)/arhs: kuri/ws o( si/dhros. bayame/nh koi/lwn e)nto\s *)/arh lago/nwn. shmai/nei de\ kai\ to\n po/lemon. para\ to\ r(w= to\ le/gw, o( me/llwn r(h/sw, r(h=s, kai\ meta\ tou= sterhtikou= a *)/arhs. e)n ga\r pole/mw| ou) lo/gwn a)ll' e)/rgwn xrei/a. kai\ *(/omhros: e)n ga\r xersi\ te/los pole/mou, e)pe/wn d' e)ni\ boulh=|. to\ a kai\ makro\n kai\ braxu/. *(/omhros: *)=ares, *)/ares brotoloige/. kli/netai de\ *)/arhs, *)/arou, kai\ *)/arhs, *)/arhtos, kai\ *)/arhs, *)/areos. *)/arhs ga/r e)sti kai\ tara/ttei th\n kli/sin.
[1] Greek Anthology 7.531.2. A sword, in other words: cf. Homer, Iliad 7.330, and LSJ s.v.
[2] On hypothetical monosyllabic verbs, see phi 394.
[3] Homer, Iliad 16.630 (see web address 1).
[4] Homer, Iliad 5.31 (web address 2).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; imagery; military affairs; mythology; poetry
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 20 November 2000@22:42:15.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented note) on 18 March 2001@10:27:45.
Catharine Roth (converted declension to betacode) on 19 December 2001@19:45:06.
Catharine Roth on 19 December 2001@19:47:17.
David Whitehead (added keyword) on 24 August 2002@10:10:30.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks) on 11 April 2012@09:12:43.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes, upgraded links) on 17 December 2013@21:41:33.
Catharine Roth (added new note 2) on 17 December 2013@21:47:57.
David Whitehead on 31 August 2015@04:07:40.


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