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Headword: *)apofra/des h(me/rai
Adler number: alpha,3642
Translated headword: taboo days, unmentionable days
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning ones] on which they offer libations to those who have passed away. Or those [days] which are not suitable for business.[1]
Appian [writes]: "this became a great distress to the Romans, because so many were involved and the household was noble and esteemed and it had been utterly destroyed. And they set the day [as] unmentionable."[2]
Or a)pofra/des, [meaning] unclean days, in which especially there are offerings to the dead.[3]
Greek Original:
*)apofra/des h(me/rai: e)n ai(=s toi=s katoixome/nois xoa\s e)pife/rousin. h)\ ai( pro\s pra/ceis a)nepith/deioi. *)appiano/s: me/ga tou=to *(rwmai/ois pa/qos e)ge/neto kai\ plh/qous e(/neka kai\ a)ciw/matos eu)genou=s oi)/kou kai\ panwleqri/as. kai\ th\n h(me/ran a)pofra/da ti/qentai. h)\ *)apofra/des, miarai\ h(me/rai, ma/lista e)n ai(=s ta\ e)nagi/smata.
[1] So too in other lexica, including Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon; from the scholia to Plato, Laws 800D, where the phrase occurs.
[2] Appian, Italica fr. 6; again, with variants, at epsilon 781.
[3] Likewise or similarly in other lexica.
J.D. Mikalson, "Hemera Apophras", American Journal of Philology 96 (1975) 19-27
R. Parker, Miasma (Oxford 1983) Appendix 1: "The Greek for Taboo"
Keywords: definition; ethics; food; historiography; history; law; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 30 June 2001@17:53:09.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note, bibliography, keywords; cosmetics) on 3 July 2001@04:48:18.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 9 April 2012@04:19:02.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 24 December 2014@01:13:36.
David Whitehead on 30 August 2015@04:41:31.
Catharine Roth (betacode) on 12 October 2015@00:51:38.


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