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Headword: *)apoteqri/aken
Adler number: alpha,3586
Translated headword: has unpetalled
Vetting Status: high
Meaning [he/she/it] plucked, made smooth. But properly [it means he/she/it] pruned fig-trees; for thria ["fig-leaves"] are the leaves of the fig-tree. Aristophanes [writes]: "which of the Odomanti has unpetalled his prick?"[1] The Odomanti [are] a Thracian people. The Thracians used to pluck and smooth their genitals and had them circumcised. They say that [the Thracians] are Jews.
Also [sc. attested is the participle] a)poteqruwme/noi ["they having gone to pieces"], [meaning they] having gone savage. This is said in a metaphor from rushes, tethrua, which are wild and sterile plants.[2]
Greek Original:
*)apoteqri/aken: a)nti\ tou= e)/tilen, yilo\n ei)rga/sato. kuri/ws de\ a)pefu/llise suka=s: qri/a ga\r ta\ fu/lla th=s sukh=s. *)aristofa/nhs: ti/s tw=n *)odoma/ntwn to\ pe/os a)poteqri/aken; *)odo/mantes de\ e)/qnos *qra|kiko/n. e)leai/nonto de\ kai\ a)peti/llonto oi( *qra=|kes ta\ ai)doi=a kai\ a)posesurme/na ei)=xon au)ta/. fasi\ de\ au)tou\s *)ioudai/ous ei)=nai. kai\ *)apoteqruwme/noi, a)phgriwme/noi. ei)/rhtai de\ kata\ metafora\n th\n a)po\ tw=n teqru/wn, a(/per e)sti\n a)/gria kai\ a)/gona futa/.
[1] Aristophanes, Acharnians 158 (web address 1); again at omicron 44 and pi 987. Scholiastic comment on that line (and line 156) is used here. See also J. Henderson, The Maculate Muse (New Haven 1975) 118, #37.
[2] (cf. tau 237.) Likewise in Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon, and similarly in Photius and elsewhere. This participle, transmitted here as a)poteqruwme/noi, is actually a)poteqrumme/noi, quoted from Plato, Republic 495E; see the scholia there.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: botany; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; imagery
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 12 August 2001@13:06:15.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword and translation; augmented notes and keywords) on 14 August 2001@11:32:02.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 18 October 2005@05:56:08.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; betacode and other cosmetics) on 6 April 2012@04:30:32.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note and link) on 17 December 2013@21:38:06.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 24 December 2014@00:39:10.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 3 July 2022@22:58:26.


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