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Headword: *)apollw/nion
Adler number: alpha,3418
Translated headword: ApollĂ´nion
Vetting Status: high
An abbreviated way of saying 'the shrine of Apollo'. This is also the correct reading in Thucydides.[1] Likewise PoseidĂ´nion, the [shrine] of Poseidon. Thus Athenaion, that of Athena, and Dionysion and Demetrion, and all such things, homonymous with the anthroponyms.[2] But as for Poseidaneion,[3] it is clearly a Doric form.
Greek Original:
*)apollw/nion: braxe/ws, to\ i(ero\n tou= *)apo/llwnos. ou(/tws kai\ para\ *qoukudi/dh| a)nagnwste/on. kai\ *poseidw/nion, to\ tou= *poseidw=nos. w(s *)aqh/naion, to\ th=s *)aqhna=s: kai\ *dionu/sion kai\ *dhmh/trion kai\ pa/nta ta\ toiau=ta, o(mw/numa toi=s a)ndrwnumikoi=s. to\ de\ *poseida/neion dh=lon o(/ti *dwriai=on.
This material (also in the Synagoge, alpha1886) appears again, re-arranged, at alpha 730, delta 428, delta 1169 (end), and pi 2103.
[1] Thucydides 2.91.1 (web address 1). The alternative spelling *)apollw/neion with a diphthong is attested in Cassius Dio and discussed by Ps.-Herodian, Stephanus of Byzantium, and (post-Suda) Eusthathius of Thessalonica.
[2] That is, like the proper names Dionysios, Demetrios, Poseidonios, etc.
[3] Unattested outside lexicography. But the god's name is attested with an alpha, *posei/dan in Aeolic, *poseida/n in Doric poetry.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; religion
Translated by: William Hutton on 24 January 2002@22:22:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes) on 25 January 2002@04:29:50.
David Whitehead (added keyword) on 21 August 2002@06:23:54.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 13 November 2002@21:21:02.
David Whitehead on 3 April 2012@07:36:26.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 25 June 2012@18:02:05.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 24 January 2014@06:21:49.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 2 May 2015@12:40:02.
Catharine Roth (typo, new note) on 2 May 2015@12:42:53.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 30 December 2016@10:54:03.
Catharine Roth (expanded notes) on 31 December 2016@19:21:15.
Catharine Roth (expanded another note) on 31 December 2016@23:11:07.


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