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Headword: *)agwniw=
Adler number: alpha,334
Translated headword: I am in a torment
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] I am at risk;[1] also the [verb that means] I am afraid.
Polybius [writes]: "many of the inland cities joined the Romans, in a torment about their land forces."[2]
Also [sc. attested is the participle] a)gwniw=n ["being in a torment"], [meaning someone] fearing.
"Fearing the fickleness of the Celts and the plots against his life."[3]
"But he feared the soldiers, if the ration-money were to run out."[4]
Also [sc. attested in the plural] a)gwniw=ntes, meaning rivalling. Isocrates [sc. uses the term].[5]
Greek Original:
*)agwniw=: kinduneu/w: kai\ to\ fobou=mai. *polu/bios: pollai\ de\ po/leis proseti/qento tw=n mesogai/wn toi=s *(rwmai/ois, a)gwniw=sai ta\s pezika\s duna/meis. kai\ *)agwniw=n, dediw/s. a)gwniw=n de\ th\n a)qesi/an tw=n *keltw=n kai\ ta\s e)piboula\s ta\s peri\ to\ sw=ma. h)gwni/a de\ tou\s stratiw/tas, mh\ e)pilei/ph| ta\ o)yw/nia. kai\ *)agwniw=ntes, a)nti\ tou= a)gwnizo/menoi. *)isokra/ths.
[1] Likewise in other lexica.
[2] Polybius 1.20.6 (web address 1).
[3] Polybius 3.78.2 (web address 2); again at alpha 722.
[4] Polybius fr.(?) 94 Büttner-Wobst; Although Büttner-Wobst is reluctant to accept the attribution by Schweighäuser of this fragment to Polybius, he does note (p. 527) its acceptance by Dindorf.
[5] Isocrates 4.91 (web address 3), cited from Harpokration s.v.
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 20 March 2001@01:58:57.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword; completed and modified translation; added keywords; cosmetics) on 20 March 2001@07:02:52.
David Whitehead (restorative cosmetics) on 17 February 2003@07:42:12.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 27 November 2005@09:39:58.
Jennifer Benedict (Updated link to Perseus) on 11 March 2008@23:54:25.
David Whitehead (augmented n.4; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 July 2011@05:03:14.
David Whitehead (another note and keyword) on 9 April 2015@09:32:11.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 19 February 2018@19:50:33.
Ronald Allen (added links, added bibliography, supplemented notes) on 26 April 2018@00:15:25.
Ronald Allen (rearranged n4, cosmeticule in bibliography) on 5 June 2018@00:30:56.


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