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Headword: *)=aor
Adler number: alpha,2844
Translated headword: sword, weapon
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[a)=or means the same as] a ci/fos.[1] And it is declined a)/oros, a)/ori.[2]
"But his mother, encountering [him], said, holding the sword against [his] chest [...]."[3]
Greek Original:
*)=aor: to\ ci/fos. kai\ kli/netai a)/oros, a)/ori. u(pantia/sasa de\ mh/thr ei)=pe, kata\ ste/rnwn a)=or a)nasxome/nh.
Notes:
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica; references at Photius alpha2197 Theodoridis (dative case, quoted from Homer, Iliad 21.21). The headword originally denoted a sword, especially one on a hanger, but later, and certainly by the Suda's time, could refer to any weapon; see LSJ s.v. The noun shows the o-grade (or perhaps an Aeolic zero-grade) of a root which appears in the e-grade in the verb a)ei/rw: see Chantraine s.v. The alpha can be either long (a)=or with a circumflex accent) or short (a)/or with an acute accent) in epic.
[2] These are the genitive and dative of the neuter a)=or, so the accusative would also be a)=or.
[3] Greek Anthology 9.397.1-2 (Palladas): cf. delta 490.
Reference:
P. Chantraine, Dictionnaire ├ętymologique de la langue grecque ed. 2 (Paris 2009), p. 91
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; military affairs; poetry; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 23 November 2000@08:14:16.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (Altered translation, added reference and link.) on 23 November 2000@22:59:32.
Catharine Roth on 23 November 2000@23:01:36.
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 16 August 2002@04:30:27.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 4 August 2004@18:11:22.
Catharine Roth (added betacode) on 21 January 2006@12:54:32.
Catharine Roth (augmented note) on 21 January 2006@22:54:58.
Catharine Roth (augmented note, added keyword and bibliography) on 24 January 2006@01:13:44.
Catharine Roth (updated reference, deleted link, cosmetics, keyword) on 24 August 2011@23:15:50.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 21 March 2012@09:30:02.
David Whitehead on 22 August 2013@09:54:49.
David Whitehead on 2 August 2015@06:48:00.

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