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Headword: *)antisqe/nhs
Adler number: alpha,2723
Translated headword: Antisthenes
Vetting Status: high
An Athenian, a Socratic philosopher from [among] the orators, who was first called a Peripatetic, then became a Cynic; he was the son of a father who had the same name, but a mother who was Thracian by race. This man wrote ten volumes altogether: the first [was] on magic;[1] it told the story of a certain mage Zoroaster, who discovered wisdom; but some have attributed this to Aristotle, others to Rhodon.[2] So this man also began the philosophy of Cynicism,[3] which was so called because he taught in the Cynosarges gymnasium. And he became the mentor of Diogenes the Cynic and the rest.
When Antisthenes was suffering from a long and intractable illness Diogenes gave him a dagger, saying, "If you should require a friend's services." Thus that man thought of death as nothing painful, such that illness became altogether a luxury.[4]
[Altogether] meaning totally.[5]
Greek Original:
*)antisqe/nhs, *)aqhnai=os, a)po\ r(hto/rwn filo/sofos *swkratiko/s, o(/stis *peripathtiko\s e)klh/qh prw=ton, ei)=ta e)ku/nisen: ui(o\s de\ w)\n o(mwnu/mou patro\s, mhtro\s de\ to\ ge/nos *qra/|sshs. ou(=tos sune/graye to/mous de/ka: prw=ton magiko/n: a)fhgei=tai de\ peri\ *zwroa/strou tino\s ma/gou, eu(ro/ntos th\n sofi/an: tou=to de/ tines *)aristote/lei, oi( de\ *(ro/dwni a)natiqe/asin. ou(=tos ou)=n kai\ th=s *kunikh=s kath/rcato filosofi/as, h(/tis ou(/tws e)klh/qh dia\ to\ e)n *kunosa/rgei tw=| gumnasi/w| dida/cai au)to/n. kai\ *dioge/nous de\ kaqhghth\s ge/gone tou= *kuno\s kai\ tw=n loipw=n. o(/ti a)rrwstou=nti *)antisqe/nei makra\n kai\ dusana/klhton a)rrwsti/an o( *dioge/nhs cifi/dion e)pide/dwken ei)pw/n: ei) fi/lou xrh/|zeis u(pourgi/as. ou(/tws w)/|eto e)kei=nos ou)de\n a)lgeino\n to\n qa/naton, w(/ste gi/nesqai th\n a)rrwsti/an trufh\n au)to/xrhma. a)nti\ tou= pantelw=s o(/moion.
Some of this information is taken from the biography of A. in Diogenes Laertius (6.1, 13, 15), with an additional paragraph -- see n.2 below -- from Julian, Oration 6 (181b Hertlein.
On Antisthenes (mid C5 to mid C4 BCE) see generally OCD(4) p.109, s.v. 'Antisthenes(1)'.
[1] Or "Magian lore."
[2] Or perhaps (despite rho 209), "to [Antisthenes the] Rhodian" (mentioned in Diog.Laert. 6.19); so Bernhardy. For Zoroaster, see alpha 4257, zeta 159, zeta 160, zeta 161, mu 28.
[3] Cross-referenced at kappa 2709.
[4] Julian (see above); cf. epsiloniota 340.
[5] cf. alpha 4537.
Keywords: athletics; biography; definition; ethics; geography; medicine; philosophy; religion; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 1 June 2001@14:38:05.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 3 June 2001@12:25:39.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 21 February 2002@15:17:44.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 15 August 2002@05:00:47.
Catharine Roth (added cross-references) on 16 October 2002@17:40:36.
Catharine Roth (added another cross-reference) on 16 October 2002@20:48:13.
David Whitehead (added x-ref and keyword; restorative cosmetics) on 17 October 2002@03:38:00.
David Whitehead (modified translation at one point) on 15 June 2004@04:29:57.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 19 March 2012@05:26:52.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 July 2014@07:10:53.
David Whitehead on 25 July 2015@08:28:12.
Catharine Roth (minor tweak) on 28 August 2015@12:13:18.
Catharine Roth (added a note) on 30 September 2015@18:32:28.


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