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Headword: *)/amuris mai/netai
Adler number: alpha,1684
Translated headword: Amyris is mad
Vetting Status: high
The proverb refers to the man of sound mind.
For a sacred envoy [theoros] had been sent to Delphi by [the] Sybarites concerning their good fortune, and the god[1] had prophesied that there would be destruction on [the] Sybarites whenever they began to honor men more than gods. [Amyris], seeing a slave being flogged in front of the shrine and fleeing to the shrine for refuge and then not being set free -- being freed only later, once he had sought refuge at the tomb of the father of the flogger -- understood the oracle, turned his property into cash, and left for the Peloponnese. This, then, Amyris did with good reason, but the Sybarites considered this madness. For a long time he was admired for his pretended insanity.
Greek Original:
*)/amuris mai/netai: e)pi\ tou= frenh/rous le/getai h( paroimi/a. qewro\s ga\r u(po\ *subaritw=n pemfqei\s ei)s *delfou\s peri\ eu)daimoni/as kai\ tou= qeou= xrh/santos a)pw/leian *subaritw=n e)/sesqai to/te, o(/tan a)nqrw/pous qew=n protimh/swsi, qeasa/menos dou=lon pro\s i(erw=| mastigou/menon kai\ prosfugo/nta tw=| i(erw=| kai\ mh\ a)poluo/menon, u(/steron de\ ei)s to\ tou= mastigou=ntos patro\s mnh=ma katafugo/nta a)poluqh=nai, sunei\s to\ lo/gion, e)cargurisa/menos ta\ i)/dia, a)ph=|ren ei)s *pelopo/nnhson. o(\ ou)=n logismw=| pepoi/hken *)/amuris, tou=t' ei)s mani/an *subari=tai mete/streyan. o( de\ tw=| xro/nw| dia\ th\n prospoi/hton mani/an e)qauma/sqh.
After the initial comment, the entry parallels the one in Photius, Lexicon alpha1275. See also Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 12.520A-B (12.18 Kaibel).
The date must be before 510 BCE, when Sybaris (in S Italy) was destroyed. On the episode see generally J. Fontenrose, The Delphic Oracle: its responses and operations with a catalogue of responses (Berkeley & Los Angeles 1978) Q122.
cf. theta 42 (where the name is Thamyris) and sigma 1272.
[1] Apollo.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; daily life; economics; ethics; geography; medicine; mythology; proverbs; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 15 October 2000@11:48:56.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note) on 16 October 2000@03:39:44.
David Whitehead (added note and keyword) on 18 July 2002@08:20:25.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 February 2012@04:28:15.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 25 February 2012@01:09:39.
David Whitehead on 20 June 2015@03:18:19.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 21 June 2015@01:14:22.


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