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Headword: *)amu/ceis
Adler number: alpha,1683
Translated headword: you will scratch, you will tear
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] you will grieve, you will wound, you will strike.[1]
And [there is] a proverb: "not even a thorn scratches good men."[2]
Also [sc. attested is the singular] a)/mucis ["a scratching"], [meaning] a tearing, a rending, a scraping.
For a)mu/ssw [derives] from ai(=ma ["blood"], [whence] ai(mu/ssw, and a)mu/ssw.
"Foam-born [Aphrodite] tore at her lovely face."[3] Meaning mangled, scraped.[4]
And in the Epigrams: "stand and watch, but you tear your heart in vain."[5]
Greek Original:
*)amu/ceis: luph/seis, trw/seis. plh/ceis. kai\ paroimi/a: *mh/d' a)/kanqa a)mu/ch| tou\s a)gaqou/s. kai\ *)/amucis: a)muxh/, spa/racis, ce/sis. *)amu/ssw ga\r para\ to\ ai(=ma, ai(mu/ssw, kai\ a)mu/ssw. h(=s e)/pi kalo\n a)/muce katarre/qos *)afroge/neia. a)nti\ tou= e)spa/racen, e)/cese. kai\ e)n *)epigra/mmasi: i(/staso kai\ skopi/aze, ma/thn de\ so\n h)=tor a)mu/ssou.
Notes:
See also alpha 1685, eta 365.
[1] cf. the scholia to Homer, Iliad 1.243, where the headword occurs.
[2] Diogenianus 6.69; cf. mu 865.
[3] Greek Anthology 7.218.11 (Antipater of Sidon), epitaph for the famous Corinthian courtesan Lais; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 19) and (vol. II, 52-3). Here the Suda has quoted imperfectly: katarre/qos is also given as kata\ r(e/qos; cf. kappa 751 and Gow and Page, vol. I, 19. See this epigram's further extracts at alpha 1219, delta 1519, theta 519, theta 588, kappa 1525, kappa 2628, lambda 789, omicron 51, pi 1457, and pi 1903. On Lais, see lambda 40, nu 16, and names of other Corinthian hetaeras--akin in practice to modern geishas--at epsilon 3266.
[4] cf. epsilon 1064.
[5] Greek Anthology 5.262.5 (Paul the Silentiary).
References:
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1965)
Keywords: botany; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; gender and sexuality; imagery; mythology; poetry; proverbs; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 18 October 2000@17:32:59.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 18 July 2002@08:16:20.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 9 August 2006@07:57:53.
Catharine Roth on 16 September 2006@16:32:01.
Catharine Roth (added betacode) on 18 September 2006@11:57:27.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 February 2012@04:15:48.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 25 February 2012@01:05:46.
David Whitehead on 19 June 2015@11:13:22.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 6 June 2019@01:21:54.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.3, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword) on 11 September 2019@22:10:00.
Ronald Allen (added further cross-references n.3) on 5 October 2020@12:08:05.

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