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Headword: Ζωροάστρης
Adler number: zeta,159
Translated headword: Zoroaster, Zarathustra
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A Perso-Mede,[1] a wise man.
See about this man under "astronomy."[2]
[It was he] who introduced the title Magi, as they were commonly known among themselves. He lived five hundred years before the Trojan War.[3] Tradition attributed to him 4 books On Nature, 1 On Precious Stones, a work on Observations of the Stars, 5 books on Eschatology.
Greek Original:
Ζωροάστρης, Περσομῆδος, σοφός. ζήτει περὶ τούτου ἐν τῇ ἀστρονομίᾳ. ὃς καὶ πρῶτος ἦρξε τοῦ παρ' αὐτοῖς πολιτευομένου ὀνόματος τῶν Μάγων. ἐγένετο δὲ πρὸ τῶν Τρωϊκῶν ἔτεσι φ#. φέρεται δὲ αὐτοῦ Περὶ φύσεως βιβλία δ#, Περὶ λίθων τιμίων α#, Ἀστεροσκοπικά, Ἀποτελεσματικὰ βιβλία ε#.
Notes:
See also alpha 2723 and alpha 4257; zeta 160 and zeta 161; and mu 28.
The Greek form of Zarathustra's name has evidently been influenced by ἀστήρ "star": according to Diogenes Laertius 1.8, 'Deinon in the fifth book of his History says that Zoroaster, literally interpreted, means star-worshipper, and Hermodorus says this too'.
[1] This ethnic adjective is otherwise unattested (and not in LSJ).
[2] alpha 4257.
[3] According to Diogenes Laertius 1.2, 'Hermodorus the Platonist in his work on mathematics gives the date of the Magoi, beginning with Zoroaster the Persian, as 5000 years before the fall of Troy; but Xanthus the Lydian reckons 6000 years from Zoroaster to Xerxes' expedition.'
Reference:
J. Bidez and F. Cumont, Les mages hellénisés. Zoroastre, Ostanès et Hystaspe d’après la tradition grecque, 2 vols. (Paris, 1938) vol. 2, pp. 18, 140
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; historiography; philosophy; religion; science and technology
Translated by: Phiroze Vasunia on 16 October 2002@18:39:05.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 16 October 2002@20:45:19.
Catharine Roth on 16 October 2002@21:39:38.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 17 October 2002@03:31:43.
Catharine Roth (added alternative version of the name) on 13 September 2004@00:44:51.
Catharine Roth (added note, at the suggestion of Andres Rodriguez Cumplido and with the help of David Whitehead) on 14 September 2004@11:42:00.
Catharine Roth (formatting) on 14 September 2004@11:42:45.
Catharine Roth (added another note, with help from DW) on 14 September 2004@11:47:20.
David Whitehead (typo) on 15 September 2004@02:55:39.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; tweaking) on 2 December 2012@04:44:10.

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