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Headword: *culufi/wn
Adler number: xi,98
Translated headword: xylophone
Vetting Status: high
As in reference to soft twigs, when we bend and release them.[1] [Note] that Diocles of Athens first invented music made with clay saucers, with earthenware pots, which he struck with a twig.[2]
Greek Original:
*culufi/wn: oi(=on e)pi\ tw=n a(palw=n culufi/wn, o(/tan ka/myantes a)fw=men au)ta/: o(/ti *dioklh=s o( *)aqhnai=os prw=tos eu(=re th\n e)n toi=s o)cuba/fois a(rmoni/an e)n o)straki/nois a)ggei/ois, a(/per e)/krouen e)n culufi/w|.
Although "xylophone" is an irrestible translation for this percussion instrument, the resonating part of a xylyphion, as described here, was not actually wood at all. See generally West (below) 128, with 127.
[1] From gamma 468.
[2] From delta 1155. (There too the actual idiom, an odd one, is "in" a twig.)
M.L. West, Ancient Greek Music (Oxford 1992).
OCD4 Diocles(2).
Keywords: biography; botany; chronology; geography; meter and music; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: James L. P. Butrica ✝ on 18 February 2000@12:43:30.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added headword and notes; cosmetics) on 11 January 2001@11:20:23.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics; raised status) on 16 September 2007@10:26:54.
David Whitehead on 19 June 2013@05:23:17.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@06:12:24.
David Whitehead on 30 December 2014@10:36:48.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 24 January 2021@22:32:28.


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