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Headword: *custi/s
Adler number: xi,169
Translated headword: xystis
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a woman's foot-length gown. But others [say that it is] an elaborate tragedic garment having a mantle. Others [say that it is] a light one, [so called] from [the verb] e)cu/sqai. But properly [it is] the garment of tragic actors.
Xystis is the word for the saffron-coloured cloak that charioteers still wear when they parade. Kings in tragedy also use it. Attic writers make [the accusative of the word] xystis proparoxytone [i.e. with acute accent on the first syllable]. Aristophanes in Clouds [writes]: "just like Megacles, having a xystis".[1]
Xystis is also a garment for horsemen, as Aristophanes [shows] in Clouds.
Greek Original:
*custi/s: xitw\n podh/rhs gunaikei=os. oi( de\ tragiko\n e)/nduma e)skeuopoihme/non kai\ e)/xon e)pipo/rphma. oi( de\ to\ lepto/n, para\ to\ e)cu/sqai. i)di/ws de\ to\ tw=n tragw|dw=n e)/nduma. *custi\s le/getai to\ krokwto\n i(ma/tion, o(\ oi( h(ni/oxoi me/xri nu=n forou=si pompeu/ontes. xrw=ntai de\ au)tw=| kai\ oi( tragikoi\ basilei=s. cu/stida de\ proparocuto/nws oi( *)attikoi/. *)aristofa/nhs *nefe/lais: w(/sper *megakle/hs cu/stid' e)/xwn. *cu/stis e)sti\ kai\ i(ppiko\n e)/nduma, w(s *)aristofa/nhs e)n *nefe/lais.
For this headword see already (but in the accusative case) xi 167, xi 168. The present entry is loosely derived from Harpokration s.v., with extra material in the middle. See also Photius xi71-72 Theodoridis.
[1] Aristophanes, Clouds 70 (web address 1), with scholion.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; clothing; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; military affairs; stagecraft; trade and manufacture; tragedy; women
Translated by: James L. P. Butrica ✝ on 21 February 2000@13:25:43.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplied headword; added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 6 April 2001@05:11:00.
David Whitehead (restorative and other cosmetics) on 10 February 2003@09:00:25.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics; raised status) on 18 September 2007@04:18:29.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 18 September 2007@11:31:47.
David Whitehead (expanded note) on 20 June 2013@04:30:16.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 23 July 2013@00:27:52.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 19 December 2020@01:05:28.


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