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Headword: Τῖτος
Adler number: tau,691
Translated headword: Titus, Titos
Vetting Status: high
Emperor of [the] Romans, son of Vespasian, a man who brought together every kind of virtue so as to be called the love and delight of the human race by everyone.[1] For he was at the same time sweet-speaking, warlike, and moderate. And just as he used the native tongue of the Latins for his management of public affairs so too he laboriously composed poems and tragedies in the Greek language. And, when Titus had sacked Jerusalem, all of Syria and Egypt and every race dwelling near Palestine crowned him, calling him conqueror. But he turned down the crowns, claiming that he had not done these things, but had supplied his hands to a god who showed his anger. So moderate and full of prudence was he.
While this Titus was besieging Jerusalem, a very well respected Roman among the cavalry saw the Jews being pushed down into a ravine, and, riding up alongside and bending down from his horse while galloping along in pursuit of the Jewish cavalry, he snatched up a youth who was running away, grabbing him by the ankle, though the young man was of stout body and fully armed. Indeed, after he had shown the strength of his hand and the rest of his body to be so great and had displayed his superiority in horsemanship, he came bringing the prisoner like a prize to Caesar.[2] And Titus, marvelling at his insuperable strength and power and repaying him with gifts, killed the captive.[3]
Greek Original:
Τῖτος, βασιλεὺς Ῥωμαίων, Οὐεσπεσιανοῦ υἱός, ἀνὴρ πᾶν ἀρετῆς συνειληφὼς γένος, ὡς πρὸς ἁπάντων ἔρως τε καὶ τρυφὴ τοῦ θνητοῦ προσαγορευθῆναι γένους: εὐγλωττότατός τε γὰρ καὶ πολεμικώτατος καὶ μετριώτατος ἦν, καὶ τῇ μὲν Λατίνων ἐπιχωρίῳ γλώττῃ πρὸς τὰς τῶν κοινῶν ἐχρῆτο διοικήσεις, ποιήματα δὲ καὶ τραγῳδίας Ἑλλάδι φωνῇ διεπονεῖτο. ἐπεὶ δὲ ᾑρήκει τὰ Ἱεροσόλυμα ὁ Τῖτος, Συρία τε πᾶσα καὶ Αἴγυπτος καὶ ὅσα τῇ Παλαιστίνῃ πρόσοικα γένη ἐστεφάνουν τὸν ἄνδρα, νικητὴν ἀνακαλοῦντες. ὁ δὲ διωθεῖτο τοὺς στεφάνους, οὐκ αὐτὸς λέγων εἰργάσθαι ταῦτα, θεῷ δὲ φήναντι ὀργὴν ἐπιδεδωκέναι τὰς ἑαυτοῦ χεῖρας. οὕτως ἦν μέτριος καὶ σωφροσύνης μεστός. ἐπὶ δὲ Τίτου τούτου τὴν Ἱερουσαλὴμ πολιορκοῦντος Ῥωμαῖός τις τῶν ἱππέων δοκιμώτατος τοὺς Ἰουδαίους ὠθουμένους κατὰ τῆς φάραγγος θεασάμενος, ἐκ πλαγίου παρελαύνων τὸν ἵππον ἁρπάζει τινὰ νεανίαν φεύγοντα, στιβαρὸν κατὰ τὸ σῶμα καὶ ὡπλισμένον, ἐκ τοῦ σφυροῦ δραξάμενος, ἑαυτὸν ἐπικλίνας τοῦ ἵππου τρέχοντος καὶ τὸν Ἰουδαῖον ἔφιππον καταδιώκοντος. καὶ τοσοῦτον τῆς δεξιᾶς τόνον καὶ τοῦ λοιποῦ σώματος ἐπιδειξάμενος καὶ τῆς ἱππικῆς τέχνης τὴν ἀρετήν, ὥσπερ τι κειμήλιον ἧκε τῷ Καίσαρι κομίζων τὸν αἰχμάλωτον. ὁ δὲ Τῖτος ὑπερθαυμάσας τῆς ἰσχύος τούτου καὶ δυνάμεως τὸ ἀήττητον, δώροις αὐτὸν ἀμείψας τὸν ληφθέντα ἀπέκτεινε.
Titus Flavius Sabinus Vespasianus was the eleventh Roman emperor (79-81 AD) and the second of the three Flavians, his father Vespasian preceding him and his brother Domitian following. See web address 1 for a fuller description, with bibliography; and cf. iota 503, iota 504, delta 1351, delta 1352, beta 200.
The first paragraph of the present entry is drawn from the Excerpta de Virtutibus of Constantine Porphyrogenitus 1.186.1-12 (= John of Antioch frs.102-103 FHG [4.578], now 185-186 Roberto) and the second is from George the Monk, Chronicon 384.24-385.9 (also via the Excerpta according to Adler), both with minor modifications. On the latter Adler cites de Boor 1919: 17.
[1] Compare Suetonius, Titus 1 "amor ac deliciae generis humani" (see web address 2), clearly the source of the Greek phrase found here and in John of Antioch.
[2] i.e. to Titus.
[3] George the Monk here paraphrases Josephus' account of this brave soldier in Jewish War 6.161-163 (web address 3). The original passage is quoted (less extensively) at rho 218, and a looser paraphrase of either this version or Josephus's occurs at sigma 1098.
C. de Boor (1919), "Suidas und die Konstantinsche Exzerptsammlung," Byzantinische Zeitschrift 23: 1-127.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; Christianity; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; poetry; religion; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Abram Ring on 12 November 2003@23:06:29.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (restored earlier vetting status) on 15 November 2003@07:10:22.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics; raised status) on 14 January 2014@04:15:02.
David Whitehead on 14 January 2014@04:16:10.
William Hutton (augmented general note and tweaked n.3, added bibliography) on 7 April 2014@12:46:05.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 January 2015@05:12:00.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 7 May 2015@00:44:21.


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