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Headword: *ti/sai
Adler number: tau,663
Translated headword: to pay a price
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[*ti/sai] and [sc. also attested is the middle voice] ti/sasqai ["to make someone else pay, to punish someone"]: [meaning] to give back.[1]
"But Darius, the Persians' king, as he obtained the authority, desired to punish Oroites because of all his wrongdoings." Herodotus [writes this].[2]
Greek Original:
*ti/sai kai\ *ti/sasqai: a)podou=nai. o( de\ *darei=os, o( *persw=n basileu/s, w(s e)/sxe th\n a)rxh/n, e)pequ/mhsen *)oroi/tea ti/sasqai pa/ntwn tw=n a)dikhma/twn e(/neken. *(hro/dotos.
Notes:
[1] The Suda's double headword brings together the aorist active and aorist middle infinitives of ti/nw, from *ti/nvw, where the tau represents an original labiovelar. The aorist is better spelled with ei, from an e-grade of the root (see LSJ, and Chantraine s.v.). Same entry, for the active only, in other lexica; references at Photius tau318, where Theodoridis identifies it as quoted from Homer, Odyssey 12.378; cf. the scholia there. See also tau 640, tau 657, tau 664, tau 667, tau 668, tau 669.
[2] Herodotus 3.127.1 (which includes the middle infinitive).
Reference:
P. Chantraine, Dictionnaire ├ętymologique de la langue grecque, ed. 2, Paris 2009.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; geography; historiography; history
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 25 December 2013@00:53:49.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 25 December 2013@01:23:38.
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; more keywords; tweaking) on 29 December 2013@04:42:07.
David Whitehead on 13 January 2014@09:42:40.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 13 January 2014@19:00:07.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 30 August 2022@22:55:54.

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