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Headword: Τετύκοντο
Adler number: tau,419
Translated headword: they arranged (a meal) to be prepared for them
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] they were preparing [it].
Greek Original:
Τετύκοντο: παρεσκευάζοντο.
Notes:
For the other forms of this verb see tau 435. The present entry is also in the Synagoge (tau128 Cunningham), Photius' Lexicon (tau209 Theodoridis), and Etymologicum Gudianum epsilon566.17; cf. also the D scholia to Homer, Iliad 1.467, with the gloss κατεσκεύαζον , the verb used in the glosses by Eustathius, Commentary on the Iliad 1.209.18; Herodian, Παρεκβολαί 20.30. Hesychius has ἡτοιμάζοντο (tau673).
The form is apparently a third person plural of the Homeric reduplicated aorist middle (Chantraine, Grammaire homérique p. 396, but the kappa in the stem is unexplained and suggests an odd back-formation from the perfect passive; cf. tau 420) of the transitive verb τεύχω 'prepare' (tau 435). It is used only of preparing food, usually in the Homeric formulaic phrase αὐτὰρ ἐπεὶ [̂ οἱ δ' ἐπεὶ οὖν] παύσαντο πόνου τετύκοντό τε δαῖτα 'but when they stopped their labour and had (a meal) prepared for them' (Iliad 1.467, 2.430, 7.319, Odyssey 16.478, 24.384, cf. 8.61, 12.307, 20.390).
The following other forms of this aorist are found in Homer: active infinitive (with the cooks as subject): τετυκεῖν , Odyssey 15.77, 94; middle infinitive τετυκέσθαι 21.428; first person plural of the subjunctive or optative middle: τετυκώμεθά -οιμεθα 14.408, 12.283. In all instances of the middle, those who are to eat arrange for others to prepare the meal. (The future middle is also used in this sense at Iliad 19.208.) In the two instances in the active, the cooks prepare the meal.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; food
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 26 April 2003@04:30:49.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 26 April 2003@07:06:10.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 9 January 2014@07:29:38.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 April 2015@01:22:55.
David Whitehead (note cosmetics) on 22 April 2015@02:47:24.

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