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Headword: *tetrarxi/a
Adler number: tau,403
Translated headword: tetrarchy
Vetting Status: high
The 4 companies, 64 men; and the commander [is a] tetrarch.[1]
There being four parts of Thessaly, each part used to be called a tetras. He[2] says that the name[s] of the tetrades are Thessaliotis, Pelasgiotis, Asteotis.[3] And Aristotle in the Common Constitution of [the] Thessalians says that it was in the time of Aleuas the son of Pyrrhos that Thessaly was divided into four portions.[4] So this is what Demosthenes would seem to mean by "the tetrarchy".[5]
Greek Original:
*tetrarxi/a: oi( d# lo/xoi, a)/ndres cd#: kai\ o( h(gou/menos tetra/rxhs. tetta/rwn merw=n o)/ntwn th=s *qettali/as, e(/kaston me/ros tetra\s e)kalei=to. o)/noma de/ fhsin ei)=nai tai=s tetra/si *qettaliw=tin, *pelasgiw=tin, *)astiew=tin. kai\ *)aristote/lhs de\ e)n th=| koinh=| *qettalw=n politei/a| e)pi\ *)aleu/a tou= *pu/rrou dih|rh=sqai/ fhsin ei)s te/ttaras moi/ras th\n *qettali/an. ei)/h a)\n ou)=n le/gwn o( *dhmosqe/nhs th\n tetrarxi/an.
After the primary gloss, this entry draws on Harpokration s.v.
[1] For this military definition see LSJ s.v. te/trarchos, II; and cf. tau 96.
[2] Hellanicus (FGrH 323a F129), already mentioned in Harpok. but omitted here.
[3] Or Hestiaiotis - and add Phthiotis!
[4] Aristotle fr. 497 Rose.
[5] Demosthenes 9.26 (web address 1).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; constitution; definition; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 21 December 2000@05:37:53.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, link, status) on 2 October 2004@01:18:55.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 3 October 2004@05:16:25.
David Whitehead (x-ref; typo) on 20 August 2010@06:42:30.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 1 May 2011@05:01:50.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 July 2011@04:11:56.


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