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Headword: Τετραρχία
Adler number: tau,403
Translated headword: tetrarchy
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The 4 companies, 64 men; and the commander [is a] tetrarch.[1]
There being four parts of Thessaly, each part used to be called a tetras. He[2] says that the name[s] of the tetrades are Thessaliotis, Pelasgiotis, Asteotis.[3] And Aristotle in the Common Constitution of [the] Thessalians says that it was in the time of Aleuas the son of Pyrrhos that Thessaly was divided into four portions.[4] So this is what Demosthenes would seem to mean by "the tetrarchy".[5]
Greek Original:
Τετραρχία: οἱ δ# λόχοι, ἄνδρες ξδ#: καὶ ὁ ἡγούμενος τετράρχης. τεττάρων μερῶν ὄντων τῆς Θετταλίας, ἕκαστον μέρος τετρὰς ἐκαλεῖτο. ὄνομα δέ φησιν εἶναι ταῖς τετράσι Θετταλιῶτιν, Πελασγιῶτιν, Ἀστιεῶτιν. καὶ Ἀριστοτέλης δὲ ἐν τῇ κοινῇ Θετταλῶν πολιτείᾳ ἐπὶ Ἀλεύα τοῦ Πύρρου διῃρῆσθαί φησιν εἰς τέτταρας μοίρας τὴν Θετταλίαν. εἴη ἂν οὖν λέγων ὁ Δημοσθένης τὴν τετραρχίαν.
Notes:
After the primary gloss, this entry draws on Harpokration s.v.
[1] For this military definition see LSJ s.v. te/trarchos, II; and cf. tau 96.
[2] Hellanicus (FGrH 323a F129), already mentioned in Harpok. but omitted here.
[3] Or Hestiaiotis - and add Phthiotis!
[4] Aristotle fr. 497 Rose.
[5] Demosthenes 9.26 (web address 1).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; constitution; definition; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 21 December 2000@05:37:53.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, link, status) on 2 October 2004@01:18:55.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 3 October 2004@05:16:25.
David Whitehead (x-ref; typo) on 20 August 2010@06:42:30.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 1 May 2011@05:01:50.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 July 2011@04:11:56.

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