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Headword: Τετραλογία
Adler number: tau,395
Translated headword: tetralogy
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
"Plato published the dialogs after the fashion of the tragedians' tetralogy. For they competed with four plays, at the Dionysia, Lenaea, Panathenaia, Chytra; of which the satyr play was the fourth. The four plays were called a tetralogy. So all dialogs known for Plato are 56. [...] [Thrasylus] uses double titles in respect of each of the works, one from the name [of the interlocutor in the dialog], the other from the subject-matter. Euthyphro, or On the holy, leads this tetralogy which is the first; it is an exploratory dialog. Second the Apology [Defence] of Socrates, an ethical one. Third Crito, or On action [= what must be done], ethical. Fourth Phaedo, or On the psyche, ethical. The second tetralogy..." and so on. In the book of Diogenes Laertius on the Lives of the Philosophers.[1]
"Aristophanes the poet was the inventor of the tetrameter".[2]
Greek Original:
Τετραλογία: κατὰ τὴν τραγικὴν τετραλογίαν ἐξέδωκε Πλάτων τοὺς διαλόγους: ἐκεῖνοι γὰρ τέτρασι δράμασιν ἠγωνίζοντο, Διονυσίοις, Ληναίοις, Παναθηναίοις, Χύτροις: ὧν τὸ δ# ἦν Σατυρικόν. τὰ δὲ δ# δράματα ἐκαλεῖτο τετραλογία. εἰσὶ τοίνυν οἱ πάντες Πλάτωνι γνήσιοι διάλογοι ἓξ καὶ ν#. διπλαῖς δὲ χρῆται ταῖς ἐπιγραφαῖς καθ' ἕκαστον τῶν βιβλίων, τῇ μὲν ἀπὸ τοῦ ὀνόματος, τῇ δὲ ἀπὸ τοῦ πράγματος. ταύτης τῆς τετραλογίας, ἥτις ἐστὶ πρώτη, ἡγεῖται Εὐθύφρων ἢ Περὶ ὁσίου: ὁ διάλογός ἐστι πειραστικός. δευτέρα Ἀπολογία Σωκράτους, ἠθικός. τρίτη Κρίτων ἢ Περὶ πρακτέου, ἠθικός. τετάρτη Φαίδων ἢ Περὶ ψυχῆς, ἠθικός. δευτέρα τετραλογία, καὶ ἐφεξῆς, ἐν τῷ βιβλίῳ Λαέρτου Διογένους περὶ βίων φιλοσόφων. ὅτι τοῦ τετραμέτρου εὑρετὴς Ἀριστοφάνης ὁ ποιητής.
Notes:
[1] The two passages come directly from Diogenes Laertius 3.56-58, who cites the C1 AD Alexandrian librarian Thrasyl[l]us for this analysis of Plato's dialogs.
[2] This addendum (a marginal addition in ms. V), presupposing a missing headword "Tetrameter", is repeated exactly from omicron 127, "octameter". See also alpha 3932.
Keywords: comedy; definition; ethics; philosophy; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 29 May 2000@04:09:35.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; added keyword; cosmetics) on 21 May 2001@07:19:29.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 November 2005@09:36:47.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 12 August 2011@09:29:45.
David Whitehead (my typo) on 9 January 2014@06:05:38.
David Whitehead (codings) on 27 May 2016@11:38:28.

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