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Headword: *turtai=os
Adler number: tau,1206
Translated headword: Tyrtaios, Tyrtaeus
Vetting Status: high
[Note] that the Lacedaemonians swore either to capture Messene or to die in the attempt. But when the god gave an oracle that they should obtain a general from [the] Athenians, they took Tyrtaeus the poet, a lame man; by exhorting them to courage he captured Messene in the 20th year [sc. of the revolt]; and they razed the city and added the captives to the Helots.[1]
Greek Original:
*turtai=os: o(/ti oi( *lakedaimo/nioi w)/mosan h)\ *messh/nhn ai(rh/sein h)\ au)toi\ teqnh/cesqai. xrh/santos de\ tou= qeou= strathgo\n para\ *)aqhnai/wn labei=n, lamba/nousi *turtai=on to\n poihth/n, xwlo\n a)/ndra: o(\s e)p' a)reth\n au)tou\s parakalw=n ei(=le tw=| k# e)/tei th\n *messh/nhn: kai\ tau/thn kate/skayan kai\ tou\s ai)xmalw/tous e)n toi=s *ei(/lwsi kate/tacan.
For Tyrtaios see already tau 1205. The present entry, as Adler notes, shows some similarities with the scholia to Plato, Laws 1.629A (where mention is made of 'T., an Athenian by birth who became a citizen of Sparta').
[1] For the Helots see generally epsiloniota 132, epsiloniota 133, epsiloniota 134, epsiloniota 135. The present material, amidst plenty of nonsense about Tyrtaios himself (e.g. not an Athenian, and not a general but a martial poet), concerns a helot revolt, of the mid-seventh century BCE, so serious as to earn the name of Second Messenian War.
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; history; medicine; military affairs; philosophy; poetry; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 5 January 2002@13:18:18.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 6 January 2002@04:20:47.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 7 February 2011@06:43:59.
David Whitehead (tweaks) on 15 August 2011@09:02:59.
David Whitehead on 16 January 2014@07:38:37.


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