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Headword: *tukto/n
Adler number: tau,1149
Translated headword: crafted, made up, artificial
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] handmade.
Greek Original:
*tukto/n: xeiropoi/hton.
Likewise in the Synagoge (tau286 Cunningham) and Photius's Lexicon (tau540 Theodoridis). The entry in Apollonius the Sophist, Homeric Lexicon 156.3-5, glosses two Homeric uses: Iliad 5.831, where Athena calls Ares a tukto\n kako/n, and Odyssey 17.207, of a spring that is not natural (scholia ad loc.) but handmade (perhaps dug by a pick, cf. tau 1148, or perhaps decorated by worked surfaces, cf. tau 375, tau 428). Apollonius takes Athena's insult in the simple sense of a 'great evil', but the scholia have the more interesting idea that Athena calls him an evil not (or not only) belonging to nature but created artificially (e)pithdeuto/n, kat' e)pith/deusin), presumably by men to suit their needs. This interpretation appears the correct one.
For the related perfect passive see tau 420, and for the apparently alternative form teukto/n see tau 428. For the argument that the root verb referred to the accurate strokes of craftsmen hammering or chiseling surfaces such as bronze, gold, stone and ivory in the arts known today as chasing, sphyrelaton, engraving and relief sculpture see tau 375, nu 211 (citing the scholia on Theocritus, Idylls 1.28), see tau 1148. Berlage takes exactly the opposite position in the article cited below, that tukto/s, tetugme/nos, poihto/s are metrically useful epithets for wonderful creations.
Berlage, J., '*tukto/s tetugme/nos poihto/s,' Mnemosyne 53 (1925) 289-98
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; mythology; science and technology
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 8 June 2003@11:09:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 8 June 2003@11:26:06.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 16 January 2014@06:05:17.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 24 April 2015@23:34:25.


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