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Headword: Σπολάς
Adler number: sigma,956
Translated headword: hide
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] leather. Sophocles in Ajax the Locrian [writes]: "Libyan hide of a dappled dog, a leopard-borne skin."[1] But others [sc. say it means] a leather cloak. It was perhaps derived from being worn on top. Aristophanes [writes]: "hey there, you have a hide and a tunic, take them off and give them to the poet."[2] And again: "[...] who does not possess a weave-whirled garment; and hide went ignoble without a tunic."[3]
Greek Original:
Σπολάς: διφθέρα. Σοφοκλῆς Αἴαντι Λοκρῷ: καταστίκτου κυνὸς σπολὰς Λίβυσσα, παρδαληφόρον δέρος. οἱ δὲ ἐφαπτὸν δερμάτινον. παρήχθη δὲ ἴσως ἐκ τοῦ ἐπιφέρεσθαι. Ἀριστοφάνης: οὗτος, σὺ μέντοι σπολάδα καὶ χιτῶν' ἔχεις, ἀπόδυθι, καὶ δὸς τῷ ποιητῇ. καὶ αὖθις: ὃς ὑφαντοδόνητον ἔσθος οὐ πέπαται: ἀκλεὴς δ' ἔβα σπολὰς ἄνευ χιτῶνος.
Notes:
Much of this entry, including the quotation of Sophocles (n. 1), is derived from a scholion to the first Aristophanes passage quoted (n. 2), which cites Callistratus and Euphronius as grammatical authorities. The form of the headword (nominative singular) is either an extract from the Sophocles quotation or a generic lexical reference. See also Pollux 7.70, Hesychius sigma1542, Photius sigma469 Theodoridis.
[1] Sophocles fr. 11 Radt, i.e. not from Sophocles' surviving play Ajax but a lost play about a different Ajax, Ajax son of Oileus of Locris, also known as Ajax the Less (cf. generally alphaiota 9).
[2] Aristophanes, Birds 933-4, with the headword in the accusative singular.
[3] Aristophanes, Birds 942-4, with the headword in the nominative singular. This passage is also quoted with more context at upsilon 701, and alluded to at nu 450 and chi 235.
Keywords: clothing; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; geography; mythology; poetry; stagecraft; trade and manufacture; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 19 March 2014@11:21:32.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (typo, status) on 20 March 2014@01:42:40.
David Whitehead (another x-ref and keyword; cosmetics; raised status) on 20 March 2014@04:15:09.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 20 March 2014@09:33:59.
William Hutton (tweaked translation) on 21 March 2014@10:18:27.

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