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Headword: Σπεύσιππος
Adler number: sigma,928
Translated headword: Speusippus, Speusippos
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Son of Eurymedon.[1] He was the nephew of the philosopher Plato by his sister Potone. He attended the lectures of the same Plato and became his successor in the Academy in Olympiad 108.[2] He was the author of a great many works especially on philosophical subjects. He was of an austere disposition[3] and easily provoked to anger.[4]
Greek Original:
Σπεύσιππος, Εὐρυμέδοντος, ἀδελφιδοῦς Πλάτωνος τοῦ φιλοσόφου ἀπὸ Ποτώνης τῆς αὐτοῦ ἀδελφῆς, ἀκουστὴς αὐτοῦ Πλάτωνος καὶ διάδοχος γενόμενος τῆς Ἀκαδημίας ἐπὶ τῆς ρη# Ὀλυμπιάδος. συνέγραψε πλεῖστα, καὶ μάλιστα φιλόσοφα. αὐστηρὸς τὴν γνώμην καὶ εἰς ἄκρον ὀξύθυμος.
Notes:
c.407-340/339 BCE. See generally OCD4 s.v.
[1] Eurymedon of the deme Myrrhinous (LGPN ii s.v. no.6; not the well-known general of that name, who is no.3). See Diogenes Laertius 3.4, 4.1; and J.K. Davies, Athenian Propertied Families (Oxford 1971) 334.
[2] 348/7 BCE. Speusippus died after serving eight years as head of the Academy; he was succeeded by Xenocrates (xi 42, xi 43).
[3] This statement contradicts that of Diogenes Laertius 4.1, that Speusippus was easily overcome by pleasures.
[4] Diogenes Laertius 4.1 preserves the story that Speusippus in a fit of anger threw his puppy into a well.
On this entry in general, see the comments of Taran (below) pp. 208-209.
References:
M. Isnardi Parente, Speusippo. Frammenti. Edizione, traduzione e commento. Napoli: Bibliopolis, 1980
P. Merlan, 'Zur Biographie des Speusippus', Philologus 103 (1959), 198-214
J. Stenzel, 'Speusippus 2' in RE Bd.III,A,2 (1929), cols.1636-1669
L. Taran, Speusippus of Athens: a critical study with a collection of the related texts and commentary, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1981
Keywords: biography; chronology; ethics; geography; history; philosophy; women; zoology
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 15 October 2000@01:45:07.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword; corrected and augmented note) on 16 October 2000@03:17:54.
David Whitehead (corrected my own typo; augmented notes and keywords; restorative and other cosmetics) on 7 October 2002@03:38:13.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics; raised status) on 31 December 2013@06:28:00.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 9 August 2014@11:49:27.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 4 January 2015@01:06:20.

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