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Headword: Σαμψών
Adler number: sigma,87
Translated headword: Sampson, Samson
Vetting Status: high
Son of Manoah,[1] judge of the Hebrews, a mighty man. Now in the beginning this man prevailed over his bodily pleasures, and he ruled over his enemies; but when he was weakened in the mind by Delilah the harlot,[2] and at the same time degenerated in both self-control and strength, bound by his enemies, he was carried off to Gaza, deprived of his sight, and handed over to grind in the mill-house.[3] But he was destroyed along with his enemies when he fell upon the pillars of the temple, saying, "Let Sampson depart [from life] with his enemies." So that is how he died, having been judge of the people for 20 years.
Greek Original:
Σαμψών: παῖς Μανωέ, κριτὴς Ἑβραίων, ἀνὴρ ἰσχυρός. ἄχρι μὲν οὖν οὗτος ἐκράτει τῶν τοῦ σώματος ἡδονῶν, τῶν πολεμίων κατεδυνάστευεν: ἐπειδὴ δὲ ὑπὸ Δαλιδᾶ τῆς πόρνης ὑπεκλάπη τὸν νοῦν, ἅμα καὶ τῆς σωφροσύνης καὶ τῆς ἰσχύος ἐξέπεσεν: ὑπό τε τῶν ἐναντίων ἁλοὺς δέσμιος ἐς Γάζαν ἀπήχθη καὶ τῶν ὄψεων στερηθεὶς ἐδόθη ἀλήθειν ἐν μυλῶνι. διὸ δὴ συμπεσὼν τοῖς τοῦ ἱεροῦ κίοσι συναπώλετο τοῖς ἐναντίοις, εἰπών, ἀπελθέτω δὴ Σαμψὼν μετὰ τῶν ἀλλοφύλων. καὶ ὁ μὲν οὕτω διεφθάρη, κρίνας τὸν λαὸν ἔτη κ#.
'Sampson' (again sigma 88) is the name as transliterated from the Greek; 'Samson' reflects the Hebrew.
The present entry's material on him is John of Antioch fr.16 FHG (4.549), now 29 Roberto. Besides sigma 88, see also under epsilon 1430, epsilon 1432, iota 730, kappa 1112, phi 832.
[1] Manoah: the father of Sampson found in Judges 13:2.
[2] Delilah (delta 31); for an account of Sampson's relationship with Delilah, see Judges 16.
[3] Grinding in the mill-house: see Judges 16:21.
Keywords: biography; chronology; ethics; food; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; law; religion; trade and manufacture; women
Translated by: Ryan Stone on 21 January 2008@21:53:53.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, added keywords) on 22 January 2008@00:19:08.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 22 January 2008@03:37:06.
David Whitehead (more x-refs) on 22 January 2008@08:48:10.
David Whitehead on 20 December 2013@05:27:35.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 2 October 2014@00:55:16.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 2 October 2014@02:45:37.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 January 2015@04:12:55.


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