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Headword: *swsi/bios
Adler number: sigma,859
Translated headword: Sosibius, Sosibios
Vetting Status: high
Of Laconia. Grammarian; one of the so-called 'Solvers'.[1] In these he relates this, too: that there is a kind of comedy called Dicelistae and Mimeloi.[2] [He wrote] On the Mimeloi Recorded in Laconia in Antiquity; etc.[3]
[There is] also another Sosibius,[4] a false guardian of Ptolemy; a shrewd and long-lived individual, and a cause of evil in the kingdom. First he contrived the death of Lysimachus, who was son of Arsinoe; then, after many further outrages, there was a resurgence of the hatred in which most people had previously held him.
Greek Original:
*swsi/bios, *la/kwn, grammatiko/s, tw=n *)epilutikw=n kaloume/nwn. e)n tou/tois de\ i(storei= kai\ tou=to, o(/ti ei)=do/s ti kwmw|di/as e)sti\ kalou/menon *dikhlistw=n kai\ *mimhlw=n. *peri\ tw=n *mimhlw=n e)n *lakwnikh=| i(storoume/nwn palaiw=n. kai\ a)/lla. kai\ e(/teros *swsi/bios, yeudepi/tropos *ptolemai/ou, skeu=os a)gxi/noun kai\ poluxro/nion, e)/ti de\ kakopoio\n e)n basilei/a|, kai\ prw=ton me\n a)rtu/sai fo/non *lusima/xw|, o(\s h)=n ui(o\s *)arsino/hs. e)/peita pollh=s e)pagome/nhs u(/brews, a)nequmia=to pa/lin e)n toi=s polloi=s to\ prou+pa/rxon mi=sos.
Probably C3/2 BC. See generally RE Sosibios(2); OCD4 Sosibius; FGrH 595 (on which see n. 2 below).
[1] i.e. specialists in solving problems posed concerning Homer and other literary texts. (The term is Epilutikos here, but Athenaeus in Deipnosophists twice calls Sosibius, specifically, 'the lutikos'.)
[2] cf. delta 1098. (Jacoby in FGrH [T1] implements Bernhardy's suggestion that this sentence and the following one should be reversed.)
[3] On this testimonium (cf. Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 14.621E-F = 14.15 Kaibel) see Pickard-Cambridge (1967) 137-44.
[4] (RE Sosibius(3).) What now follows begins by drawing on Polybius 15.25.1-2 but abruptly cuts to a later passage (15.25.23-4) where, it seems, the subject is Agathocles. On this, see already at alpha 2230.
A.W. Pickard-Cambridge, Dithyramb, Tragedy and Comedy (ed. 2, Oxford 1967)
Keywords: biography; comedy; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; historiography; history
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 26 March 1999@14:53:28.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 5 September 2002@07:02:14.
David Whitehead (expanded n.4; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 October 2010@07:02:38.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 31 December 2013@04:36:27.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 2 August 2014@11:11:27.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 15 January 2015@23:23:57.
David Whitehead (expanded two notes) on 16 June 2016@06:41:19.


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