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Headword: Σολομῶν
Adler number: sigma,773
Translated headword: Solomon
Vetting Status: high
Son of David, king of the Jews, powerful and well-known for intelligence and might, he did not cease judging the people in the intelligence and wisdom of the superior, and in exercizing all this wisdom full of a godly grace he created very many disciples of his instruction. In achieving these and suchlike things, and being influenced by a mind easily led away by nature toward the pleasures of the body, he married women a thousand in number, and was persuaded by them to become an idolater. Wherefore God commanded that his kingdom be divided, not in his time because of His remembrance of David his father, but after his death.[1]
"On the mighty," as Solomon says, "a severe investigation is imposed."[2] That is, he demands an account from those having completed life in excellence; and he is long-suffering towards the other men who greatly transgress the law, and he does not give a share of this pardon to the holy men. And again Solomon [says]: "for the least is pardonable by mercy; powerful men will be powerfully tested."[3]
So 'Solomon' is declined 'Solomontos', but amongst us 'Solomon' is declined 'Solomonos'.
[Note] that the old [Testament] calls Solomon 'Salomon', from the city Salem, that is peace: for in his time there was peace.[4]
Greek Original:
Σολομῶν, υἱὸς Δαβίδ, βασιλεὺς Ἰουδαίων, φρονήσει καὶ δυνάμει καὶ πλούτῳ δυνατὸς καὶ περιφανής, δικάζων τε τὸν λαὸν ἐν φρονήσει καὶ σοφίᾳ τοῦ κρείττονος οὐ διέλειπεν ἤσκει τε πᾶσαν σοφίαν θείας χάριτος γέμουσαν καὶ τῆς διδασκαλίας ἀκροατὰς πλείστους ἐποιεῖτο. ταῦτά τε καὶ τὰ τοιαῦτα διαπραττόμενος, τῷ τῆς φύσεως εὐαλώτῳ περὶ τὰς τοῦ σώματος ἡδονὰς ὑπαγόμενος ἄγεται μὲν γυναῖκας χιλίας τὸν ἀριθμόν, πείθεται δὲ ὑπ' αὐτῶν εἰδωλολάτρης γενέσθαι. διὸ προσέταξεν ὁ θεὸς μερισθῆναι τὴν αὐτοῦ βασιλείαν, οὐκ ἐπὶ τῶν χρόνων αὐτοῦ, διὰ μνήμην Δαβὶδ τοῦ πατρὸς αὐτοῦ, ἀλλὰ μετὰ τὴν αὐτοῦ τελευτήν. ὅτι τοῖς κραταιοῖς, ὥς φησι Σολομῶν, ἰσχυρὰ ἐφίσταται ἔρευνα. τουτέστι τοὺς ἐν ἀρετῇ τελείους τὴν ἀκρίβειαν ἀπαιτεῖ: καὶ τοῖς ἄλλοις ἀνθρώποις μεγάλα παρανομοῦσι μακροθυμεῖ: τοῖς δὲ ἁγίοις ταύτης οὐ μεταδίδωσι τῆς συγγνώμης. καὶ αὖθις ὁ Σολομῶν: ὁ μὲν γὰρ ἐλάχιστος συγγνωστός ἐστιν ἐλέους: δυνατοὶ δὲ δυνατῶς ἐτασθήσονται. Σολομῶν οὖν Σολομῶντος κλίνεται, Σολομῶν δὲ Σολομῶνος παρ' ἡμῖν. ὅτι ἡ παλαιὰ τὸν Σολομῶντα Σαλομῶντα καλεῖ, ἀπὸ τῆς Σαλὴμ πόλεως, ὅ ἐστιν εἰρήνη: ἐν γὰρ τοῖς χρόνοις αὐτοῦ εἰρήνη ἦν.
See already sigma 772, and again sigma 774.
[1] John of Antioch fr.18.3 FHG (4.549), now 35 Roberto.
[2] Wisdom of Solomon 6:9 LXX.
[3] Wisdom of Solomon 6:7 LXX.
[4] From sigma 57.
Keywords: biography; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; law; religion; women
Translated by: Bobbiejo Winfrey on 2 April 2003@09:14:02.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 3 April 2003@02:31:04.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 10 May 2011@04:55:12.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 30 December 2013@05:42:01.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 January 2015@04:27:41.
David Whitehead (adjustments to tr; coding) on 26 May 2016@05:42:59.


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