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Headword: *sku/mnos
Adler number: sigma,713
Translated headword: whelp
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a lion's cub.[1]
"One should not rear a lion's whelp in the city. Above all [one should] not rear a lion in the city; but if someone rears [it], [one should] cater to its ways".[1] Aeschylus is speaking about Alcibiades, [saying that one should] not raise up a proud spirit, but if one does raise it up, [one ought] not to provoke it, but domesticate it. Euripides has advised not to accept it; but Aeschylus [held] an opinion somewhat of this kind -- [either] not to receive it or, having received it, to bear its moods. And Aeschylus "spoke wisely", but Euripides "clearly".[2]
Greek Original:
*sku/mnos: sku/lac le/ontos. ou) xrh\ le/ontos sku/mnon e)n po/lei tre/fein. ma/lista me\n le/onta mh\ 'n po/lei tre/fein: h)\n d' e)ktrafh=| tis, toi=s tro/pois u(phretei=n. *ai)sxu/los le/gei peri\ *)alkibia/dou, mh\ a)natre/fein fro/nhma, e)a\n de\ a)natrafh=|, mh\ e)reqi/zein, a)lla\ tiqasseu=sai. kai\ o( me\n *eu)ripi/dhs sumbebou/leuke mh\ de/casqai: o( de\ *ai)sxu/los toiau/thn tina\ dia/noian, mh\ katade/casqai h)\ katadeca/menon tropoforei=n. kai\ o( me\n *ai)sxu/los sofw=s ei)=pen, o( de\ *eu)ripi/dhs safw=s.
After the initial glossing of the headword, the main part of the entry quotes Aristophanes, Frogs 1431-2 (web address 1), and draws on the scholia to 1432; again, slightly more fully, at omicron 986. [NB: despite the numbering, not two but three lines are quoted, the second one -- from Plutarch, Alcibiades 16.3 (but lacking in several of the Aristophanes mss) -- being 1431b in Dover's edition; see his discussion ad loc.] For Alcibiades see generally alpha 1280.
cf. generally sigma 712.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica.
[2] From the scholia to line 1434 (with its sofw=s/safw=s wordplay -- Dover translates "poetically" and "plainly"), adding the proper names.
Aristophanes, Frogs, edited with an introduction and commentary by Kenneth Dover (Oxford 1993)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; history; imagery; poetry; politics; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Rocco Marseglia on 21 December 2012@10:21:23.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 21 December 2012@22:50:51.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 23 December 2012@05:03:49.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 23 December 2012@12:05:27.
Catharine Roth (tweak) on 12 August 2013@23:46:32.
David Whitehead on 30 December 2013@04:30:14.


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