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Headword: *salmwneu/s
Adler number: sigma,56
Translated headword: Salmoneus
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
This man was a son of Aiolos, and king of Thessalians; grown impious, by means of a contraption 'he hurled lightning-bolts, thundered, confounded'[1] the souls of his subjects. Hence he paid the penalty for his impiety and was struck by a thunderbolt from heaven.
Greek Original:
*salmwneu/s: ou(=tos *ai)o/lou me\n ui(o/s, basileu\s de\ *qettalw=n: o(\s a)sebh\s gegonw\s dia\ mhxanh=s h)/strapten, e)bro/nta, suneku/ka ta\s tw=n u(phko/wn yuxa/s. o(/qen kai\ di/khn e)/dwke th=s a)sebei/as, qeo/qen kerauno/blhtos gegonw/s.
Notes:
For a possible variant version of his name see already sigma 50. The present material, Adler notes, was attributed by Toup and Valckenaer to Aelian; in any event cf. ps.-Nonnus, Scholia mythologica 5.2.
See generally OCD4 s.v.: Salmoneus is 'blameless' in Homer (Odyssey 11.235ff; web address 1) but becomes the hybristic figure depicted here in post-Homeric traditions. See esp. Diodorus Siculus 4.68.1-2 and (on the 'contraption') 6.6.4-6.7.3.
[1] This phrase echoes Aristophanes, Acharnians 531, quoted (via Ephorus FGrH 70 F196) in Diodorus 12.40.6: 'the Olympian Pericles hurled lightning-bolts, thundered, and confounded Hellas'.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; epic; ethics; geography; historiography; mythology; science and technology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 22 February 2004@10:18:35.
Vetted by:
Elizabeth Vandiver (Modified translation; added link; set status) on 21 September 2004@20:26:44.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 22 September 2004@03:45:02.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 3 May 2011@08:58:20.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note) on 3 May 2011@09:07:57.
David Whitehead on 19 December 2013@05:24:34.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@09:58:33.
Catharine Roth (coding, keyword) on 18 September 2014@13:04:36.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 19 September 2014@02:43:52.

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