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Headword: *si=tos
Adler number: sigma,502
Translated headword: grain
Vetting Status: high
Any cereal produce, not only wheat; and even provisions. Thucydides in [book] 4 [says]: "since the ships had no mooring, some took their food by turns on the land, the others anchored on the high sea."[1]
Look in [the entry] "buying provision."[2]
'Grain' is also[3] the name for the revenue assigned for nourishment to women or orphans [sc. in classical Athens], as it is possible to learn both from the first axon of Solon[4] and from Aristotle’s Constitution of the Athenians.[5] Timachidas thinks that among Attic speakers interest was called 'grain,' but he thinks wrongly.[6]
Greek Original:
*si=tos: pa=s o( sitiko\s karpo/s, ou)x o( puro\s mo/non: kai\ au)ta\ ta\ siti/a. *qoukudi/dhs d#: kai\ tw=n new=n ou)k e)xousw=n o(/rmon, ai( me\n si=ton e)n th=| gh=| h(|rou=nto, ai( de\ mete/wroi w(/rmwn. zh/tei e)n tw=| sunwnh/. *si=tos kalei=tai kai\ h( didome/nh pro/sodos ei)s trofh\n tai=s gunaici\n h)\ toi=s o)rfanoi=s, w(s e)/sti maqei=n kai\ e)k tw=n tou= *so/lwnos prw/hn tou= a)/conos kai\ e)k th=s *)aristote/lous *)aqhnai/wn politei/as. *timaxi/das de\ h(gei=tai para\ toi=s *)attikoi=s si=ton le/gesqai to\n to/kon: ou)k o)rqw=s h(gou/menos.
The first paragraph here follows Photius s.v., the second Harpokration s.v.
See also sigma 503.
[1] Thucydides 4.26.3, as translated by Richard Crawley: text at web address 1.
[2] sigma 1614 (concerning a food shortage under the emperor Justinian).
[3] As indicated above, the Suda's source now becomes Harpokration s.v. [274.1 Dindorf = sigma18 Keaney], commenting on Demosthenes 27.15 -- here with omissions, compression, and a textual error. See web address 2.
[4] For Solon’s axones, tablets of the law, see alpha 2833 and kappa 2744. A crux in the text of the Suda, prw/hn, is here resolved by translating Harpok.
[5] ?Aristotle, Athenaion Politeia 56.7 (web address 3); cf. e.g. Demosthenes 27.15, on which Harpok. was commenting.
[6] Timachidas of Lindos (Rhodes), a scholarly and historian of the 2nd-1st centuries BCE: see tau 599, and OCD4 s.v.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: botany; children; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; food; historiography; history; law; military affairs; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 1 November 2002@17:21:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; rearranged and modified notes; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 2 November 2002@09:34:53.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, more links) on 16 December 2004@17:09:44.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 16 December 2004@17:10:25.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 July 2011@06:51:11.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@11:26:00.
David Whitehead (coding) on 26 May 2016@03:41:23.


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