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Headword: Σιμωνίδης
Adler number: sigma,446
Translated headword: Simonides, Semonides
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Son of Krines, from Amorgos, a writer of iambics. He wrote elegy in 2 books, iambics. He was born 406 years after the Trojan War. He was the first to write iambics according to some.
Greek Original:
Σιμωνίδης, Κρίνεω, Ἀμοργῖνος, ἰαμβογράφος. ἔγραψεν ἐλεγείαν ἐν βιβλίοις β#, ἰάμβους. γέγονε δὲ καὶ αὐτὸς μετὰ #4# καὶ υ# ἔτη τῶν Τρωϊκῶν. ἔγραψεν ἰάμβους πρῶτος αὐτὸς κατά τινας.
Notes:
Some of this material has been accidentally transferred from the entry on Semonides to sigma 431, Simmias, which reads: 'He was originally a Samian. In the colonization of Amorgos he himself was also appointed leader by the Samians. He established Amorgos as three poleis (city-states), Minoia, Aigialos, Arkesime. He was born 406 years after the Trojan War. And he wrote, according to some, first iambics [?'the first iambics'], and other different (genres) and the Archaeology (sc. Early history) of the Samians'.
This writer was known as Simonides of Amorgos in antiquity. The name Semonides occurs in antiquity only on a fragment of Philodemus (De Poet. = PHerc 1074 fr. F, col. III 5, ed. Sbordone), who elsewhere mentions Simonides of Ceos, and in a citation of Choeroboscus in Etym. Gen. et Magn. 713.17. It is generally accepted that he was born on Samos and joined in the Samian colonization of the island Amorgos. Proclus also mentions that some called him a Samian. He would thus be a contemporary of Archilochus in the 7th. Century BC, and the date given here might be correct.
His best known surviving fragment proposes that women derive their qualities from different animals, and is much used as a source for the study of ancient Greek male attitudes towards women. His iambic poetry anticipates in its pessimism, obscenity and sense of amusement those aspects of Roman satire.
A fragment of an elegy based on Homer's simile "As is the generation of leaves" (Iliad 6.146-9), quoted in Stobaeus (4.34.28) as by Simonides, but formerly attributed by Bergk and others to Semonides (frag.29 Diehl), proves, from the evidence of the "new Simonides" POxy 3965, fr.26, to be a joining of two fragments by Simonides of Ceos (see sigma 439). But see Hubbard's dissent.
References:
Iambi Et Elegi Graeci Ante Alexandrum Cantati, II, ed. M.L. West, 2nd.edn. 1992. (Greek text of the fragments)
H. Lloyd-Jones, Females of the Species, 1975.
N. Loraux, Les Enfants d'Athena, 1981.
Thomas K. Hubbard, "Elemental psychology and the date of Semonides of Amorgos," AJPh 115, 1994, 175-97
id. "'New Simonides' or old Semonides? Second thoughts on POxy 3965, fr. 26," in The New Simonides (= Arethusa 29), 1996, 255-62
Keywords: biography; chronology; gender and sexuality; geography; meter and music; poetry; women
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 3 July 2000@10:28:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keywords; restorative and other cosmetics) on 12 September 2002@09:56:44.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 24 December 2013@08:17:43.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 November 2014@21:40:37.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 23 November 2014@03:42:08.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 26 May 2016@03:21:57.

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