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Headword: *sidhre/an yuxh/n
Adler number: sigma,376
Translated headword: iron soul
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the implacable [kind].[1]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] 'iron shoulders of Atlas'.[2] [Note] that a certain Glaukos of Samos first discovered the welding of iron.[3] And [sc. there is] a proverb, 'Glaukos's art', in reference to things easily accomplished.[4] [Note] that those wanting iron to be soft dip it in olive oil, but those [wanting it] hard [dip it in] water.[5]
Greek Original:
*sidhre/an yuxh/n: th\n a)mei/likton. kai\ sidhre/ous *)/atlantos w)/mous. o(/ti *glau=ko/s tis *sa/mios prw=tos sidh/rou ko/llhsin e)ceu=re. kai\ paroimi/a: *glau/kou te/xnh, e)pi\ tw=n r(a|di/ws katergazome/nwn. o(/ti oi( malqako\n ei)=nai boulo/menoi to\n si/dhron e)lai/w| ba/ptousin, oi( de\ sklhro\n u(/dati.
[1] The headword phrase is in the accusative case and evidently quoted from somewhere. (See generally LSJ s.v. sidh/reos, I.2, for equivalents with qumo/s etc.)
[2] From alpha 4368, q.v.
[3] From gamma 282, q.v.
[4] Also from gamma 282. Plato, Phaedo 108D, twice uses the phrase 'Glaukos's art'; the scholiast there gives the background (Glaukos imitating musical bronze discs made by Hippasos) and attributes the story to Aristoxenos, On Music, and Nikokles, On Theory. See also the paroemiographers, e.g. Zenobius 2.91, Diogenianus 4.8. In the Alexandrian Proverbs attributed to Plutarch (2.25) the proverb is, uniquely, 'Not Glaukos's art'.
[5] From epsilon 323, q.v.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; imagery; meter and music; mythology; poetry; proverbs; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 5 August 2008@14:33:14.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added keywords) on 6 August 2008@00:50:34.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 August 2008@03:44:34.
David Whitehead (augmented no.4) on 6 August 2008@07:27:46.
David Whitehead (tweaking; raised status) on 24 December 2013@05:18:44.


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