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Headword: *sa/ta
Adler number: sigma,149
Translated headword: sata
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
An Hebrew measurement;[1] it means a modius over-filled, so as to be one modius and a half: 15 liquid sextarii, or 25 liters.[2]
Greek Original:
*sa/ta: me/tron *(ebrai+ko/n: dhloi= de\ mo/dion u(perpeplhrwme/non, w(s ei)=nai mo/dion e(/na kai\ h(/misun: u(grou= de\ cestw=n ie#, h)/toi litrw=n ke#.
Notes:
Entry lacking, Adler reports, from mss AF.
[1] A neuter noun here given in the plural; perhaps quoted from the New Testament: Matthew 13.33 or Luke 13.21.
[2] Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 9.85, says that a sa/ton equals 1.5 Italian modii. In Heron, On measures 61.7, the word is correctly said to be feminine in Hebrew but neuter in Greek, and said to equal 22 sextarii. Cleopatra, On weights and measures fr. 80.7, says it is a modius cumulatus and that 3 sa/ta equals three modii. Epiphanius, On weights and measures 626ff., also has the information found in Heron but points out, "We say sa/ton not sa/tos." He equates it with 1.25 modii and finally says that the correct Hebrew pronunciation is sa/a. The word is well known from Hebrew and Aramaic. One wonders whether this word actually entered Greek through Aramaic rather than Hebrew, since in that case it would be easier to account for the t in the Greek form.
References:
Koehler & Baumgartner, Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament, pp. 737-38
W. von Soden, Akkadisches Handw├Ârterbuch, p. 1064
Keywords: Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; mathematics; religion; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Adam McCollum on 8 March 2006@22:10:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (restored pre-retranslation vetting status) on 9 March 2006@03:33:24.
David Whitehead (tweaking; raused status) on 22 December 2013@07:57:20.
David Whitehead (codings) on 25 May 2016@09:20:27.

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