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Headword: *sarkofagi/a
Adler number: sigma,139
Translated headword: eating of flesh, flesh-eating, flesh-diet
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the eating of meat.
"For whereas his body was in need of flesh-eating, he could not endure sharing in un-sacrificed[1] [flesh] -- taking it that the ancient precept to abstain from animals that have died means this."[2]
Greek Original:
*sarkofagi/a: h( krewfagi/a. e)dei=to me\n ga/r oi( to\ sw=ma sarkofagi/as, a)qu/tou de\ ou)k h)ne/sxeto metalabei=n, to\ palaio\n para/ggelma qnhseidi/wn a)pe/xesqai tou=to shmai/nein u(polamba/nwn.
Notes:
cf. generally Plutarch, On the Eating of Flesh (*peri\ sarkofagi/as), and Porphyry, On Abstinence from Animates (*peri\ a)poxh=s e)myu/xwn.
[1] cf. alpha 773.
[2] Damascius, Life of Isidore fr. 216 Zintzen (133 Asmus); more briefly at alpha 773. The phrase "animals that have died" (qnhseidi/wn) here indicates animals that have died of natural causes rather than from hunting or sacrifice. For this use see Porphyry, On Abstinence from Animates 4.16.6: "it is a rule at Eleusis to abstain from domestic fowls, from fish, and from beans, pomegranates and apples; and pollution is incurred equally by coming into contact with childbed or with animals that have died" (Trans. Clark; see also her note ad loc.).
Reference:
Clark, G. 2000. Porphyry: On Abstinence from Killing Animals. Ithaca
Keywords: biography; definition; ethics; food; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Kyle Helms on 28 May 2009@12:48:49.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked note, set status) on 28 May 2009@18:03:35.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 29 May 2009@00:29:23.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 29 May 2009@03:18:54.
David Whitehead on 22 December 2013@06:16:06.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 9 October 2014@00:09:28.

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