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Headword: *summori/a
Adler number: sigma,1386
Translated headword: symmory
Vetting Status: high
Demosthenes [in the first speech] Against Aphobos [uses the word].[1] Not all the populace, as with us, was divided into symmories at Athens, but only the rich and those able to contribute to the city. At any rate Demosthenes in the [speech] On the Symmories says, speaking of the 1200 richest men: "so out of these I consider it necessary to make 20 symmories, as at present, each containing 60 persons".[2] Hyperides in the [speech] Against Polyeuktos says: "there are fifteen men in each symmory".[3] One need not marvel, though, at how Demosthenes says that the symmory holds 60 men while Hyperides [says] 15; for in the [speech] Against Pasikles he gives the explanation, when he writes as follows: "while the very rich, with 5 or 6 others, were defrauding the city by spending sparingly as trierarchs, these men kept quiet; but after Demosthenes saw this and laid down laws that the 300 be trierarchs, and the trierarchies became burdensome...".[4] That naturalized citizens, too, were enlisted in the symmories Hyperides has shown in the [speech] Against Polyeuktos.[5] Symmorites are those sharing membership of the same symmory. Athenians were first divided into symmories in the year when Nausinikos was archon,[6] as Philochorus [records].[7]
Greek Original:
*summori/a: *dhmosqe/nhs kata\ *)afo/bou. ou)x a(/pan to\ plh=qos, w(/sper par' h(mi=n, dih/|rhto ei)s ta\s summori/as *)aqh/nhsin, a)lla\ mo/noi oi( plou/sioi kai\ ei)sfe/rein th=| po/lei duna/menoi. o( gou=n *dhmosqe/nhs e)n tw=| peri\ tw=n summoriw=n fhsi\ peri\ tw=n #22a# kai\ s1# a)ndrw=n tw=n plousiwta/twn: e)k toi/nun tou/twn oi)=mai dei=n poih=sai summori/as k# nau=s ei)sin c# sw/mata e(ka/sthn e)/xousan. *(uperi/dhs de\ e)n tw=| pro\s *polu/eukto/n fhsin: ei)si\ ga\r e)n th=| summori/a| e(ka/sth| ie# a)/ndres. ou) dei= de\ qauma/zein, pw=s o( me\n *dhmosqe/nhs fhsi\n c# a)/ndras e)/xein th\n summori/an, o( de\ *(uperi/dhs ie#: e)n ga\r tw=| kata\ *pasikle/ous le/gei th\n ai)ti/an, gra/fwn tauti/: e(/ws me\n oi( plousiw/tatoi parakrouo/menoi th\n po/lin su\n e# kai\ #2# trihrarxou=ntes me/tria a)nh/liskon, h(suxi/an h)=gon ou(=toi: e)peidh\ de\ tau=ta katei=de *dhmosqe/nhs, no/mous e)/qhke tou\s t# trihrarxei=n, kai\ barei=ai gego/nasin ai( trihrarxi/ai. o(/ti de\ kai\ oi( dhmopoi/htoi e)negra/fonto ei)s ta\s summori/as, dedh/lwken *(uperi/dhs e)n tw=| kata\ *polueu/ktou. summori=tai d' ei)si\n oi( th=s au)th=s au(toi=s mete/xontes summori/as. dih|re/qhsan de\ prw=ton *)aqhnai=oi kata\ summori/as e)pi\ *nausini/kou a)/rxontos, w(s *filo/xoros.
From Harpokration s.v., closely followed. For the headword see already sigma 1385.
[1] Demosthenes 27.7 (web address 1).
[2] Demosthenes 14.17 (web address 2). The Suda text of this garbles the phrase "as at present", w(/sper nu=n ei)si/; Demosthenes did not mention ships.
[3] Hyperides fr. 159 Jensen.
[4] Hyperides fr. 134 Jensen.
[5] Hyperides fr. 146 Jensen (not the same speech as in n.3 above).
[6] 378/7.
[7] Philochorus FGrH 328 F41.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: chronology; constitution; daily life; definition; economics; historiography; history; law; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 19 December 2000@10:41:52.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, links, keyword, status) on 27 January 2005@14:36:56.
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords; cosmetics) on 28 January 2005@02:55:05.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 27 October 2005@08:47:37.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 July 2011@08:56:57.


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