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Headword: *(rhsi/arxos
Adler number: rho,143
Translated headword: speech-leader
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning he] who will state[1] the oracles. [Used] in Epicharmus.[2] He has said [this] to those[3] contrary to the decree; or, as Asclepiades [writes] in the 6th [book] of Tragic Subjects,[4] that[5] he has become best at speaking the truth. But another also became [this].
Greek Original:
*(rhsi/arxos: o(\s e)re/ei ta\ qe/sfata. par' *)epixa/rmw|. toi=s para\ th\n r(h=sin ei)/rhken: h)/, w(s *)asklhpia/dhs e)n #2# *tragw|doume/nwn, a)/riston au)to\n gegone/nai a)lh/qeian ei)pei=n. e)ge/neto de\ kai\ e(/teros.
= Photius, Lexicon rho103 Theodoridis, where however the headword is r(hso/s and the glossing begins a)rxo/s o(\s ktl. See also Hesychius rho272.
[1] Hesychius reads r(e/ei "flows"; Photius has ai(re/sei "by choice" (now obelized by Theodoridis). Kaibel [cf. next note] conjectured a)nairei= "takes up, declares (an oracle)." M. Schmidt suggested xre/ei "delivers an oracle."
[2] Epicharmus fr. 205 Kaibel (206 K.-A.).
[3] Here the learned owner of ms M has written lei/pei, "something is lacking," and G has a lacuna. Hesychius reads h)/toi "or else" (rightly, in Theodoridis' view).
[4] Asclepiades of Tragilus [C4 BCE: OCD(4) s.v. Asclepiades(1)] FGrH 12 F5; see further, next note.
[5] Jacoby's apparatus in FGrH tentatively suggests inserting dia\ to\ before a)/riston "because of his becoming best ...".
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; religion; rhetoric; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 15 September 2010@23:24:11.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (expanded and tweaked notes; more keywords; cosmetics) on 16 September 2010@03:26:17.
David Whitehead (my typo) on 16 September 2010@10:18:42.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 28 October 2013@07:15:58.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 5 August 2014@11:02:22.
Catharine Roth (coding, tweak) on 5 August 2014@11:08:47.


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