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Headword: *(radama/nquos o(/rkos
Adler number: rho,13
Translated headword: Rhadamanthys' oath
Vetting Status: high
The one [sworn] by a goose or a dog or a plane-tree or a ram or something else of the kind.[1] "Amongst these the greatest oath by all accounts was a dog, then a goose, but they used to say nothing of the gods." Cratinus in Cheirons [says this].[2] The oaths of Socrates, too, [were] of this kind.[3]
This sign [is] concerning an oath, which is customary even now: for many swear by vegetables when displaying the force of an oath.[4]
Greek Original:
*(radama/nquos o(/rkos: o( kata\ xhno\s h)\ kuno\s h)\ plata/nou h)\ kriou= h)/ tinos a)/llou toiou/tou. oi(=s h)=n me/gistos o(/rkos a(/panti lo/gw| ku/wn, e)/peita xh/n, qeou\s d' e)si/gwn. *krati=nos *xei/rwsi. toiou=toi de\ kai\ oi( *swkra/tous o(/rkoi. shmei=on tou=to peri\ o(/rkou, o(\ kai\ nu=n e)pixwria/zei: polloi\ ga\r pro\s la/xana o)mnu/ousin, eu)orki/an e)pideiknu/menoi.
The first and major part of this entry is also in Photius; cf. Zenobius 5.81. and the scholia to Plato, Apology 21E (where there is an oath 'by the dog'). For Rhadamanthys see already rho 12.
[1] cf. chi 284.
[2] Cratinus fr. 231 Kock. (249 K.-A.)
[3] cf. sigma 829 (but contrast chi 284, where the Socrates connection is denied).
[4] cf. lambda 164, mu 277.
Keywords: biography; botany; comedy; daily life; definition; law; mythology; proverbs; religion; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 24 April 2003@03:23:10.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 26 October 2003@11:43:37.
David Whitehead (augmented note 3) on 27 October 2003@02:54:51.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; another keyword; cosmetics) on 23 August 2011@10:14:44.
David Whitehead on 24 October 2013@09:10:35.


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