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Headword: Παράστασις
Adler number: pi,442
Translated headword: courageous desperation, desperate courage
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] impulse, zeal.[1]
"And a courageous desperation of spirit for freedom came over the multitudes. For this reason they began to complain loudly to one another of their sufferings."[2]
Also [sc. attested is the variant phrase] παράστημα ψυχῆς : "the Romans, through strength of body and courageous desperation of spirit,[3] conquered almost the whole inhabited world."[4]
Greek Original:
Παράστασις: ὁρμή, προθυμία. καὶ παράστασις ψυχῆς πρὸς ἐλευθερίαν ἐνέπεσε τοῖς πλήθεσι. διὸ πρὸς ἀλλήλους ἐδεινοπάθουν. καὶ Παράστημα ψυχῆς: οἱ δὲ Ῥωμαῖοι δι' ἀλκὴν σώματος καὶ παράστημα ψυχῆς ὀλίγου δεῖν τῆς οἰκουμένης ἐκράτησαν.
Notes:
The headword is a feminine noun in the nominative singular; see pi 441 and pi 443 for other senses of it, and generally LSJ s.v. II.7.c.
[1] The glossing nouns are feminine in the nominative (and vocative) singular; see LSJ s.vv. and cf. omicron 601, pi 444 (end), epsilon 452 (gloss), and mu 623 (gloss).
[2] Diodorus Siculus 33. [not Adler's '23'] 16.2 (via Excerpta Constantiniana EL 406.7-10), on the response of the people of Numantia and Termessus in the late 140s BCE to the peace-terms offered them by Rome; cf. epsilon 3393, epsilon 217, and eta 194 (gloss).
[3] In her critical apparatus, Adler notes that ms A omitted this part of the quotation.
[4] Josephus, Jewish War 2.580 (web address 1).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 2 October 2010@00:41:47.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (additions to notes; tweaks and cosmetics) on 3 October 2010@04:07:06.
David Whitehead on 30 August 2011@06:05:05.
Philip Rance (modified note) on 25 January 2012@17:45:40.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 25 January 2012@20:46:54.
David Whitehead on 5 September 2013@06:53:20.

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