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Headword: Puthô
Adler number: pi,3137
Translated headword: Pytho
Vetting Status: high
Phokis is a territory in Greece, in which [is] the city called Delphi; and in this city there was a shrine of Apollo, which was called Pytho. In this [place] a bronze tripod was set up and on top of it a bowl which held the oracular tokens, the ones which used to leap about when those consulting the oracle were asking their questions. And the Pythia, being inspired, indeed in a state of enthusiasm, used to tell whatever Apollo made to come out.[1]
[Note] that the shrine of Apollo was called Delphi because the dragon Delphyne, whom Apollo killed, was located there; but [also called] Pytho because it rotted there.[2]
Greek Original:
Puthô: Phôkis chôra esti tês Hellados, peri hên polis hê kaloumenê Delphoi: peri hên polin ên hieron tou Apollônos, ho ekaleito Puthô: en hôi chalkous tripous hidruto kai huperthen phialê, hê tas mantikas eiche psêphous, haitines eromenôn tôn manteuomenôn hêllonto, kai hê Puthia emphoroumenê, êtoi enthousiôsa, elegen ha exepheren ho Apollôn. hoti Delphoi to hieron tou Apollônos eklêthê dia to ton Delphunên drakonta ekei heurethênai, hon apekteinen ho Apollôn: Puthô de dia to ekei sapênai.
[1] Paraphrased from the commentary by ps.-Nonnus -- i.e. not the poet mentioned under nu 489 -- on Gregory of Nazianzus' Oration II Against Julian (PG 36.1045a-b). See also pi 3127, pi 3128, pi 3129, pi 3130; and for 'enthusiasm' epsilon 1365, epsilon 1366.
[2] This additional note, lacking (Adler reports) in mss A(F)V, comes from delta 210. For the implied etymology of Pytho see pi 3138.
Keywords: aetiology; art history; Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; geography; mythology; poetry; religion; rhetoric; science and technology; trade and manufacture; women; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 4 October 2006@05:49:18.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented (existing) notes; cosmetics) on 4 October 2006@06:03:34.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 5 October 2006@08:32:41.
David Whitehead on 23 October 2013@09:22:38.


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