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Headword: Πρυτανεία
Adler number: pi,2996
Translated headword: prytaneia; presidency
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
When lengthened and feminine [this word means] a certain number of days; but in the neuter nobody says what it clearly means. Some said it is a sum of money, which those involved in litigation paid, out of which which the jurors' fee was given to the six-thousand [sc. jurors]. But prytaneiai [are] a number of days. There were ten every year, because the tribes [were] also ten. The Athenians followed the lunar year: each of the ten tribes held office for 35 days, and from the lunar-year were left 4 days out, that [the Athenians] assigned to the first four tribes which were chosen to take the prytaneia. And first each of the four [tribes] had a prytaneia equivalent to 36 days, while the remaining six [tribes] had instead [one lasting] 35.
The prytaneia is therefore a number of days, 36 or 35. And every tribe holds the prytaneia [sc. in turn]. But among the other Attic writers prytaneia [are sums of] money, which both of the parties in involved in litigation paid, both the accused and the accuser.
Greek Original:
Πρυτανεία: ἐκτεταμένως μὲν καὶ θηλυκῶς ἀριθμός τις ἡμερῶν: οὐδετέρως δὲ σαφῶς μὲν οὐδεὶς εἶπε τί δηλοῖ. τινὲς δὲ ἀργύριόν τι ἔφασαν εἶναι, ὃ κατετίθεσαν οἱ δικαζόμενοι, ἐξ ὧν τὸ δικαστικὸν ἐδίδοτο τοῖς ἑξακισχιλίοις. πρυτανεῖαι δὲ ὁ τῶν ἡμερῶν ἀριθμός. δέκα ἐγίνοντο κατ' ἐνιαυτὸν, ὅτι καὶ δέκα αἱ φυλαί. ἐνιαυτὸν δὲ οἱ Ἀθηναῖοι τὸν σεληνιακὸν ἦγον: ἐπέβαλε δὲ ἑκάστη φυλὴ τῶν δέκα λε# ἡμέρας, καὶ ἐπερίττευον ἐκ τοῦ σεληνιακοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ ἡμέραι δ#, ἃς ἐπεμέριζον ταῖς πρῶταις λαχούσαις πρυτανεύειν τέσσαρσι φυλαῖς. καὶ τῶν μὲν τεσσάρων πρῶτον ἑκάστη εἶχε τὴν πρυτανείαν ἀπαρτιζομένην εἰς λ#2# ἡμέρας, αἱ δὲ λοιπαὶ #2# ἀνὰ λε#. Πρυτανείας οὖν ἐστιν ἀριθμὸς ἡμερῶν, ἤτοι λ#2# ἢ λε#. καὶ ἑκάστη φυλὴ πρυτανεύει. παρὰ δὲ τοῖς ἄλλοις Ἀττικοῖς πρυτανεῖα ἀργύριον, ὅπερ κατετίθεσαν οἱ δικαζόμενοι ἀμφότεροι, καὶ ὁ φεύγων καὶ ὁ διώκων.
Notes:
The first and major paragraph of this entry in also in Photius, Lexicon pi1440 Theodoridis (and cf. the scholia to Plato, Laws 953C); the second is in Harpocration (as well as Photius pi1437), and cf. ?Aristotle, Athenaion Politeia 43.3.
See also pi 2997, pi 2998, pi 3000.
Keywords: constitution; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; law; mathematics; politics; science and technology
Translated by: Francesco Ginelli on 6 August 2012@01:51:28.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (notes; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 August 2012@03:42:52.
David Whitehead on 22 October 2013@07:00:41.
David Whitehead (coding etc.) on 25 May 2016@03:54:20.

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