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Headword: *pro/xeiros
Adler number: pi,2932
Translated headword: at hand, handy
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] what is simple and unguarded.[1]
Polybius [writes]: "but the cause is the failure to keep at hand what Epicharmus has well said, 'Be sober and remember to be wary: these [are the] sinews of the mind'."[2]
Greek Original:
*pro/xeiros: o( a(plou=s kai\ a)fu/laktos. *polu/bios: a)ll' e)/stin ai)/tion to\ mh\ pro/xeiron u(pa/rxein to\ par' *)epixa/rmw| kalw=s ei)rhme/non, nh=fe kai\ me/mnhso a)pistei=n: a)/rqra tau=ta [tw=n] frenw=n.
For this headword (an adjective in the nominative singular masculine or feminine) see also pi 2930 and pi 2931. The form is probably a generic lexical reference rather than something drawn from a literary context. At any rate it is not the form used in the quotation given (see n. 2).
[1] No comparable entries in other lexica, but cf. Pollux 3.133 and alpha 4318. In contrast to the gender-ambiguity of the headword and the second gloss here, the first gloss and the definite article (translated here as 'what') are unambiguously masculine.
[2] Polybius 18.40.4 (quoting Epicharmus fr. 250 Kaibel [now fr.218 K.-A.], with koine dialect forms in place of Epicharmus's Doric); see already at nu 359. Adler opines that the quotation is drawn from the Excerpta of Constantine Porphyrogenitus. The addition of the final 'the' in the last clause is K├╝ster's emendation. The form of the headword in this quotation is neuter accusative singular.
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; imagery; philosophy
Translated by: Francesco Ginelli on 6 August 2012@01:46:47.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (notes; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 August 2012@03:25:48.
William Hutton (tweaked translation, augmented notes, raised status) on 10 October 2013@18:32:23.
David Whitehead on 22 October 2013@03:44:12.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2) on 21 December 2014@11:09:44.


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